Background: Oesophageal clearance has been scarcely studied. Aims: Oesophageal clearance in endoscopy-negative heartburn was assessed to detect differences in bolus clearance time among patients sub-grouped according to impedance-pH findings. Methods: In 118 consecutive endoscopy-negative heartburn patients impedance-pH monitoring was performed off-therapy. Acid exposure time, number of refluxes, baseline impedance, post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index and both automated and manual bolus clearance time were calculated. Patients were sub-grouped into pH/impedance positive (abnormal acid exposure and/or number of refluxes) and pH/impedance negative (normal acid exposure and number of refluxes), the former further subdivided on the basis of abnormal/normal acid exposure time (pH+/-) and abnormal/normal number of refluxes (impedance+/-). Results: Poor correlation (r = 0.35) between automated and manual bolus clearance time was found. Manual bolus clearance time progressively decreased from pH+/impedance+ (42.6 s), pH+/impedance- (27.1 s), pH-/impedance+ (17.8 s) to pH-/impedance- (10.8 s). There was an inverse correlation between manual bolus clearance time and both baseline impedance and post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index, and a direct correlation between manual bolus clearance and acid exposure time. A manual bolus clearance time value of 14.8 s had an accuracy of 93% to differentiate pH/impedance positive from pH/impedance negative patients. Conclusions: When manually measured, bolus clearance time reflects reflux severity, confirming the pathophysiological relevance of oesophageal clearance in reflux disease.
|Titolo:||Manually calculated oesophageal bolus clearance time increases in parallel with reflux severity at impedance-pH monitoring|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|