Background: Limited data are available on eosinophilic oesophagitis in Italy. Aim: To evaluate typical features of eosinophilic oesophagitis patients in a tertiary centre. Methods: 973 consecutive patients with dysphagia and/or bolus impaction were prospectively enrolled and underwent upper endoscopy for eosinophilic oesophagitis (≥15 eosinophils in at least one high-power field [hpf] and no response to acid suppressants). Demographic and multiple clinical factors were collected. Results: 45 patients (80% males, mean age 35 ± 16) with incident eosinophilic oesophagitis (mean eosinophil peak count 57.2 ± 40.6/hpf) were enrolled. 32 patients complained of solids dysphagia (71%), and 29 of bolus impaction (64%). Endoscopy found rings in 20 (44%), furrows in 9 (20%), whitish exudates/plaques in 12 (27%), crêpe paper in 7 (13%) and normal findings in 14 patients (31%). Endoscopic and radiologic stenosis occurred in 20 (44%) and 23 (51%), respectively. Ten patients had proton pump inhibitor-oesophageal eosinophilia (22%). Topic fluticasone was effective in 28 of the remaining cases (62%), while 7 required additional treatments (16%). Conclusion: Eosinophilic oesophagitis prevalence was 12% in patients with dysphagia and/or bolus impaction, emphasizing the importance of this disease in Italy. Despite different environmental factors and dietary habits, Italian patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis present similar characteristics to those of other Western counties.
|Titolo:||Clinical, endoscopic, histological and radiological characteristics of Italian patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|