Introduction and Purpose: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is gaining ground in the field of bariatric surgery. Data are scarce on its impact on esophagogastric physiology. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of SG on esophagogastric motility with high-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) and to assess the usefulness of HRIM in patients with upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms after SG. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 53 cases of HRIM performed after SG was conducted. Upper GI symptoms at the time of HRIM were scored. HRIM was analyzed according to the Chicago classification v3.0. A special attention was devoted to the occurrence of increased intragastric pressure (IIGP) after water swallows and reflux episodes as detected with impedance. A measurement of sleeve volume and diameter was performed with CT scan in a subgroup of patients. Results: IIGP occurred very frequently in patients after SG (77 %) and was not associated with any upper GI symptoms, specific esophageal manometric profile, or impedance reflux. Impedance reflux episodes were also frequently observed after SG (52 %): they were significantly associated with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) symptoms and ineffective esophageal motility. The sleeve volume and diameters were also significantly smaller in patients with impedance reflux episodes (p < 0.01). Conclusion: SG significantly modified esophagogastric motility. IIGP is frequent, not correlated to symptoms, and should be regarded as a HRIM marker of SG. Impedance reflux episodes were also frequent, associated with GER symptoms and esophageal dysmotility. HRIM may thus have a clinical impact on the management of patients with upper GI symptoms after SG.
|Titolo:||High-resolution Impedance Manometry after Sleeve Gastrectomy: Increased Intragastric Pressure and Reflux are Frequent Events|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|