BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of chronic administration of ranolazine (RAN) on experimental model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. METHODS: Seven-weeks old Dahl salt-sensitive rats were fed a high salt diet for 5weeks to induce hypertension. Afterwards, rats continued with a high salt diet and were administered either with vehicle or RAN (20mg/kg/die, ip) for the following 8weeks. Control rats were maintained on a low salt diet. RESULTS: While systolic parameters were not altered, diastolic parameters were changed in high salt animals. Hemodynamic analysis showed a decreased dP/dt min, increased LVEDP, longer time constant and steeper slope of the end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship. Treatment with RAN attenuated these alterations and determined a reduction in mortality. Additionally, the magnitude of myocardial hypertrophy and activation of PI3K/Akt pathway were reduced. Alteration in diastolic compliance as a consequence of elevated myocardial stiffness was confirmed by an increase of collagen deposition and activation of pro-fibrotic TGF-β/SMAD3/CTGF signaling. These effects were counteracted by RAN. High salt rats had a decrease in SERCA2 and an increase in Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX). Treatment with RAN reduced NCX expression and determined an increment of SERCA2. Moreover, the levels of nitrotyrosine and oxidized dyhydroethidium were higher in high salt rats. RAN induced a decrement of oxidative stress, supporting the concept that reduction in ROS may mediate beneficial effects. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the possibility that diastolic dysfunction can be attenuated by RAN, indicating its ability to affect active relaxation and passive diastolic compliance.

Long-term administration of ranolazine attenuates diastolic dysfunction and adverse myocardial remodeling in a model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

DE ANGELIS, Antonella;Cappetta, Donato;PIEGARI, Elena;RINALDI, Barbara;DONNIACUO, Maria;ROSSI, Francesco;BERRINO, Liberato
2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of chronic administration of ranolazine (RAN) on experimental model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. METHODS: Seven-weeks old Dahl salt-sensitive rats were fed a high salt diet for 5weeks to induce hypertension. Afterwards, rats continued with a high salt diet and were administered either with vehicle or RAN (20mg/kg/die, ip) for the following 8weeks. Control rats were maintained on a low salt diet. RESULTS: While systolic parameters were not altered, diastolic parameters were changed in high salt animals. Hemodynamic analysis showed a decreased dP/dt min, increased LVEDP, longer time constant and steeper slope of the end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship. Treatment with RAN attenuated these alterations and determined a reduction in mortality. Additionally, the magnitude of myocardial hypertrophy and activation of PI3K/Akt pathway were reduced. Alteration in diastolic compliance as a consequence of elevated myocardial stiffness was confirmed by an increase of collagen deposition and activation of pro-fibrotic TGF-β/SMAD3/CTGF signaling. These effects were counteracted by RAN. High salt rats had a decrease in SERCA2 and an increase in Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX). Treatment with RAN reduced NCX expression and determined an increment of SERCA2. Moreover, the levels of nitrotyrosine and oxidized dyhydroethidium were higher in high salt rats. RAN induced a decrement of oxidative stress, supporting the concept that reduction in ROS may mediate beneficial effects. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the possibility that diastolic dysfunction can be attenuated by RAN, indicating its ability to affect active relaxation and passive diastolic compliance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/354380
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