A β-cyclodextrin nanosponge cross-linked with pyromellitic dianhydride (βNS-PYRO) is reported for the first time as multifunctional ingredient in semisolid formulations for drug delivery to the skin. The role of βNS-PYRO on solubilization and stabilization of the photosensitizer benzoporphyrin-derivative monoacid ring A (BPDMA) and all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) as well as its effect on skin permeation of diclofenac (DIC) was investigated. Aqueous solutions, gels, and cream-gels were prepared from mixtures of βNS-PYRO with a conventional gelling agent at specific ratios. The incorporation of BPDMA in βNS-PYRO water solutions prevented its aggregation and gave kinetically stable complexes with high photostability and singlet oxygen generation upon irradiation. atRA incorporated in the βNS-PYRO-containing gel demonstrated a remarkable stability as compared with the formulation without βNS-PYRO, resulting in an eightfold increase of its lifetime. Skin permeation studies highlighted that βNS-PYRO in gels and cream-gels containing DIC significantly decreased the amount of drug permeated through the skin while increasing its amount in stratum corneum and viable epidermis. Overall, swellable βNS-PYRO turns to be a multifunctional coingredient with potential in topical monophasic and biphasic formulations to stabilize light-sensitive drugs and to localize the action of highly penetrating drugs in the external layers of skin.

beta-Cyclodextrin Nanosponges as Multifunctional Ingredient in Water-Containing Semisolid Formulations for Skin Delivery

D'ANGELO, Ivana;
2014

Abstract

A β-cyclodextrin nanosponge cross-linked with pyromellitic dianhydride (βNS-PYRO) is reported for the first time as multifunctional ingredient in semisolid formulations for drug delivery to the skin. The role of βNS-PYRO on solubilization and stabilization of the photosensitizer benzoporphyrin-derivative monoacid ring A (BPDMA) and all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) as well as its effect on skin permeation of diclofenac (DIC) was investigated. Aqueous solutions, gels, and cream-gels were prepared from mixtures of βNS-PYRO with a conventional gelling agent at specific ratios. The incorporation of BPDMA in βNS-PYRO water solutions prevented its aggregation and gave kinetically stable complexes with high photostability and singlet oxygen generation upon irradiation. atRA incorporated in the βNS-PYRO-containing gel demonstrated a remarkable stability as compared with the formulation without βNS-PYRO, resulting in an eightfold increase of its lifetime. Skin permeation studies highlighted that βNS-PYRO in gels and cream-gels containing DIC significantly decreased the amount of drug permeated through the skin while increasing its amount in stratum corneum and viable epidermis. Overall, swellable βNS-PYRO turns to be a multifunctional coingredient with potential in topical monophasic and biphasic formulations to stabilize light-sensitive drugs and to localize the action of highly penetrating drugs in the external layers of skin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/330610
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