A promising approach to control the time and space distribution of signalling molecules inside tissue engineering scaffolds consists in entrapping biodegradable microspheres releasing the protein locally for long time frames. However, a rational design of microsphere-integrated scaffolds requires the knowledge of protein release profiles directly within the polymeric template. In this work, PLGA microspheres encapsulating rhodamine-labelled bovine serum albumin (BSA-Rhod) as a model protein were produced in different formulation conditions and tested for their release features in solution and in collagen and collagen/hyaluronic acid (HA) scaffolds. BSA-Rhod release profiles from single microspheres in solution and within the scaffold were assessed by using a confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)-assisted method. Results suggest that the same diffusion-erosion process controls BSA-Rhod release from microspheres in solution and collagen. Nonetheless, two main factors contribute protein release within the scaffold, that is water activity in the release environment and transport properties of the protein in the gel. While microsphere formulation mainly controls the induction time necessary to activate protein release, polymer scaffold composition governs the release rate. Thus, the fine regulation of a tissue engineering construct may be obtained by an appropriate combination of microspheres and scaffolds, providing a spatial and temporal control over signalling molecule delivery. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Microsphere-integrated collagen scaffolds for tissue engineering: Effect of microsphere formulation and scaffold properties on protein release kinetics

D'ANGELO, Ivana;
2006

Abstract

A promising approach to control the time and space distribution of signalling molecules inside tissue engineering scaffolds consists in entrapping biodegradable microspheres releasing the protein locally for long time frames. However, a rational design of microsphere-integrated scaffolds requires the knowledge of protein release profiles directly within the polymeric template. In this work, PLGA microspheres encapsulating rhodamine-labelled bovine serum albumin (BSA-Rhod) as a model protein were produced in different formulation conditions and tested for their release features in solution and in collagen and collagen/hyaluronic acid (HA) scaffolds. BSA-Rhod release profiles from single microspheres in solution and within the scaffold were assessed by using a confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)-assisted method. Results suggest that the same diffusion-erosion process controls BSA-Rhod release from microspheres in solution and collagen. Nonetheless, two main factors contribute protein release within the scaffold, that is water activity in the release environment and transport properties of the protein in the gel. While microsphere formulation mainly controls the induction time necessary to activate protein release, polymer scaffold composition governs the release rate. Thus, the fine regulation of a tissue engineering construct may be obtained by an appropriate combination of microspheres and scaffolds, providing a spatial and temporal control over signalling molecule delivery. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/330608
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