Inroduction: The care of the oncology patient requires a multidisciplinary team approach. In our pneumo-oncology day hospital we have undertaken this research to identify the physical, psychological and information needs of this group of oncology patients and to encourage their collaboration with health staff to maximize benefit during their treatment. Primary end-point of the study was to identify the need of care encountered by the oncology patient and their family. Methods: The study was conducted on a group of 150 patients, heterogeneous in respect to age, sex and level of education, attending the pneumo-oncology department at AO Monaldi Hospital in Naples, affected by lung cancer and undergoing multimodal treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy). A team of 5 doctors, 1 nursing sister, 4 staff nurses and 1 psychologist was involved. Each patient shortly after hospital admission, before the start of medical therapy, (chemo and/or radio) received: - Validated questionnaires to establish the information needs, ’Quality of life and the psychological problems of the oncologic patient.’ - A questionnaire to identify satisfaction in terms of information given and care received, ‘Opinions of the patient regarding care.’ The team took into account the needs and wishes of the patients regarding information of diagnosis, prognosis, therapy and psycho-social issues and subsequently involved the appropriate specialists (medical and psychologists) to improve the wellbeing of the patient and their family. Results: Results of the current investigation indicates the importance of psychological input in identifying the care needs of the pneumo-oncology patient. Correlations between psychological issues and physical symptoms such as pain, difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting have been found. This study highlights the impact of psychological disturbances on physical symptomology exhibited by oncology patients. A multidisciplinary approach is critical to identify the physical, psychological and information needs of this group of oncology patients.

IDENTIFICATION AND ANALYSIS OF INFORMATION, CARE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS IN PATIENTS AFFECTED BY LUNG CANCER: A MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH

BIANCO, Andrea;
2009

Abstract

Inroduction: The care of the oncology patient requires a multidisciplinary team approach. In our pneumo-oncology day hospital we have undertaken this research to identify the physical, psychological and information needs of this group of oncology patients and to encourage their collaboration with health staff to maximize benefit during their treatment. Primary end-point of the study was to identify the need of care encountered by the oncology patient and their family. Methods: The study was conducted on a group of 150 patients, heterogeneous in respect to age, sex and level of education, attending the pneumo-oncology department at AO Monaldi Hospital in Naples, affected by lung cancer and undergoing multimodal treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy). A team of 5 doctors, 1 nursing sister, 4 staff nurses and 1 psychologist was involved. Each patient shortly after hospital admission, before the start of medical therapy, (chemo and/or radio) received: - Validated questionnaires to establish the information needs, ’Quality of life and the psychological problems of the oncologic patient.’ - A questionnaire to identify satisfaction in terms of information given and care received, ‘Opinions of the patient regarding care.’ The team took into account the needs and wishes of the patients regarding information of diagnosis, prognosis, therapy and psycho-social issues and subsequently involved the appropriate specialists (medical and psychologists) to improve the wellbeing of the patient and their family. Results: Results of the current investigation indicates the importance of psychological input in identifying the care needs of the pneumo-oncology patient. Correlations between psychological issues and physical symptoms such as pain, difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting have been found. This study highlights the impact of psychological disturbances on physical symptomology exhibited by oncology patients. A multidisciplinary approach is critical to identify the physical, psychological and information needs of this group of oncology patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/329235
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