Human rhinoviruses are responsible for many upper respiratory tract infections. 90% of rhinoviruses utilize intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) as their cellular receptor, which also plays a critical role in recruitment of immune effector cells. Two forms of this receptor exist; membrane-bound (mICAM-1) and soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1). The soluble receptor may be produced independently from the membrane-bound form or it may be the product of proteolytic cleavage of mICAM-1. The ratio of airway epithelial cell expression of mICAM-1 to the sICAM-1 form may influence cell infectivity and outcome of rhinovirus infection. We therefore investigated the effect of rhinovirus on expression of both ICAM-1 receptors in normal human bronchial epithelial cells. We observed separate distinct messenger RNA transcripts coding for mICAM-1 and sICAM-1 in these cells, which were modulated by virus. Rhinovirus induced mICAM-1 expression on epithelial cells while simultaneously down-regulating sICAM-1 release, with consequent increase in target cell infectivity. The role of protein tyrosine kinases was investigated as a potential mechanistic pathway. Rhinovirus infection induced rapid phosphorylation of intracellular tyrosine kinase, which may be critical in up-regulation of mICAM-1. Elucidation of the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in differential modulation of both ICAM-1 receptors may lead to novel therapeutic strategies

Human rhinovirus selectively modulates membranous and soluble forms of its Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1) receptor to promote epithelial cell infectivity

BIANCO, Andrea;
2003

Abstract

Human rhinoviruses are responsible for many upper respiratory tract infections. 90% of rhinoviruses utilize intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) as their cellular receptor, which also plays a critical role in recruitment of immune effector cells. Two forms of this receptor exist; membrane-bound (mICAM-1) and soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1). The soluble receptor may be produced independently from the membrane-bound form or it may be the product of proteolytic cleavage of mICAM-1. The ratio of airway epithelial cell expression of mICAM-1 to the sICAM-1 form may influence cell infectivity and outcome of rhinovirus infection. We therefore investigated the effect of rhinovirus on expression of both ICAM-1 receptors in normal human bronchial epithelial cells. We observed separate distinct messenger RNA transcripts coding for mICAM-1 and sICAM-1 in these cells, which were modulated by virus. Rhinovirus induced mICAM-1 expression on epithelial cells while simultaneously down-regulating sICAM-1 release, with consequent increase in target cell infectivity. The role of protein tyrosine kinases was investigated as a potential mechanistic pathway. Rhinovirus infection induced rapid phosphorylation of intracellular tyrosine kinase, which may be critical in up-regulation of mICAM-1. Elucidation of the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in differential modulation of both ICAM-1 receptors may lead to novel therapeutic strategies
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/329171
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