AIM: To evaluate the virological and clinical events occurring during a 3-year follow-up in three patients who, after symptomatic acute hepatitis C (AHC), experienced subsequent episodes of HC virus (V)-related acute liver cell necrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The three patients were investigated for viral variability in the core, E1/E2, and NS5b regions during different phases of infection, and a computer-assisted analysis of the variation of known predicted epitopes in the consensus sequence was performed. RESULTS: The first patient showed numerous genetic variations, which may be related to the maintenance of a chronic HCV infection state and to episodes of liver disease exacerbation. The second patient showed minimal viral variations associated with apparent resolution of the infection, but the same virus isolate, based on phylogenetic analysis, produced a second acute episode after the occult phase. The third patient, after the resolution of AHC, manifested a second episode of HCV infection by a different HCV sub-genotype. CONCLUSION: Episodes of HCV-related acute liver cell necrosis after AHC may be associated to different virological patterns, such as the establishment of a chronic HCV infection, a reactivation of an occult virus, or a reinfection by a different HCV genotype.

Virological and epitope evolution of HCV infection from acute hepatitis C to subsequent episodes of HCV-related acute liver cell necrosis.

Pisaturo M;COPPOLA, Nicola;SAGNELLI, Caterina;
2009

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the virological and clinical events occurring during a 3-year follow-up in three patients who, after symptomatic acute hepatitis C (AHC), experienced subsequent episodes of HC virus (V)-related acute liver cell necrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The three patients were investigated for viral variability in the core, E1/E2, and NS5b regions during different phases of infection, and a computer-assisted analysis of the variation of known predicted epitopes in the consensus sequence was performed. RESULTS: The first patient showed numerous genetic variations, which may be related to the maintenance of a chronic HCV infection state and to episodes of liver disease exacerbation. The second patient showed minimal viral variations associated with apparent resolution of the infection, but the same virus isolate, based on phylogenetic analysis, produced a second acute episode after the occult phase. The third patient, after the resolution of AHC, manifested a second episode of HCV infection by a different HCV sub-genotype. CONCLUSION: Episodes of HCV-related acute liver cell necrosis after AHC may be associated to different virological patterns, such as the establishment of a chronic HCV infection, a reactivation of an occult virus, or a reinfection by a different HCV genotype.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/232697
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