The effect of growth hormone (GH) on the release of IL-1α and IFN-γ from murine splenocytes was investigated. Their release from splenocytes activated by Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 0.5 μg/ml was increased by c. 65% in the presence of GH 100 pg/ml. With splenocytes activated by S. typhimurium porins 5 μg/ml, GH increased the production of both IL-1α and IFN-γ by c. 56%. Polymyxin treatment abolished the cytokine-releasing activity of LPS but had no effect on the activity of the porin preparation.
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