This study investigated the role of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in the cardiac tissue injury of acute ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) in diabetic streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats. The effects of 1) hemin, an inducer of HO expression and activity, and 2) zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP-IX), an inhibitor of HO activity, have also been investigated on the tissue injury by I/R and some mediators released in these circumstances. STZ hyperglycemic rats had impaired levels of HO-1 within the cardiac tissue and increased myocardial infarct size (IS) following I/R, as compared with the nondiabetic rats. In these rats, administration of hemin 4 mg/kg 18 h before I/R increases the levels of HO-1 within the tissue. However, the values of HO-1 assayed in these circumstances were significantly lower (P < 0.01) than those assayed in nondiabetic animals subjected to the same procedures; IS was much more extended (P < 0.01) than in the parent nondiabetic group. STZ hyperglycemic rats also predisposed the heart to produce high levels of the cytokines interleukin (IL)-1alpha and CXCL8. Subsequent I/R further increased (P < 0.01) the cytokine production, an effect partly prevented by hemin treatment. This recovered the huge number of infiltrated polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes within the cardiac tissue associated with the STZ hyperglycemic state and I/R damage.

Hyperglycemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat increases infarct size associated with low levels of myocardial HO-1 during ischemia/reperfusion

DI FILIPPO, Clara;MARFELLA, Raffaele;PIEGARI, Elena;PETRONELLA, Pasquale;GIUGLIANO, Dario;ROSSI, Francesco;D'AMICO, Michele
2005

Abstract

This study investigated the role of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in the cardiac tissue injury of acute ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) in diabetic streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemic rats. The effects of 1) hemin, an inducer of HO expression and activity, and 2) zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP-IX), an inhibitor of HO activity, have also been investigated on the tissue injury by I/R and some mediators released in these circumstances. STZ hyperglycemic rats had impaired levels of HO-1 within the cardiac tissue and increased myocardial infarct size (IS) following I/R, as compared with the nondiabetic rats. In these rats, administration of hemin 4 mg/kg 18 h before I/R increases the levels of HO-1 within the tissue. However, the values of HO-1 assayed in these circumstances were significantly lower (P < 0.01) than those assayed in nondiabetic animals subjected to the same procedures; IS was much more extended (P < 0.01) than in the parent nondiabetic group. STZ hyperglycemic rats also predisposed the heart to produce high levels of the cytokines interleukin (IL)-1alpha and CXCL8. Subsequent I/R further increased (P < 0.01) the cytokine production, an effect partly prevented by hemin treatment. This recovered the huge number of infiltrated polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes within the cardiac tissue associated with the STZ hyperglycemic state and I/R damage.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/229460
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 118
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 109
social impact