Adult intact and hypophysectomized (PDX) frogs, Rana esculenta, were treated with a gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHA, HOE 766) and/or cyproterone acetate (CPA), the antiandrogen, in order to investigate the regulation of primary spermatogonial (I SPG) multiplication in vertebrates. Treatment with GnRHA (injections containing 900 ng administered for 12 days on alternate days) caused a significant increase of the mitotic index (MI) of I SPG in PDX animals and a further MI increase of SPG was observed when 0.66 mg CPA was given concomitantly with GnRHA. The treatment with 0.66 mg CPA in combination with GnRHA also increased secondary spermatocyte (II SPC) appearance. Moreover, number of nests containing spermatids (SPT) decreased as CPA, in combination with GnRHA, was administered in increasing doses (0.33 and 0.66 mg/injection). Intact animals treated with CPA (0.66 mg/injection) showed a time‐dependent I SPG multiplication increase which reached highest values after 28 days. Secondary SPC also proliferated until day 28; meanwhile the number of nests containing SPT decreased. Neither testosterone nor R5020 (a progestin which is not converted to androgens) modified the basal and GnRHA‐induced spermatogonial proliferation. These results confirm that in the frog, Rana esculenta, spermatid formation is impaired by CPA treatment and that I SPG multiplication is enhanced by a direct effect of GnRHA; moreover, we suggest that the abence of spermatides constitutes a signal promoting spermatogonial proliferation. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. Copyright © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company

INTRATESTICULAR CONTROL OF SPERMATOGENESIS IN THE FROG, RANA-ESCULENTA

Minucci S;Di Matteo L;Fasano S;Chieffi Baccari G;Pierantoni R
1992

Abstract

Adult intact and hypophysectomized (PDX) frogs, Rana esculenta, were treated with a gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHA, HOE 766) and/or cyproterone acetate (CPA), the antiandrogen, in order to investigate the regulation of primary spermatogonial (I SPG) multiplication in vertebrates. Treatment with GnRHA (injections containing 900 ng administered for 12 days on alternate days) caused a significant increase of the mitotic index (MI) of I SPG in PDX animals and a further MI increase of SPG was observed when 0.66 mg CPA was given concomitantly with GnRHA. The treatment with 0.66 mg CPA in combination with GnRHA also increased secondary spermatocyte (II SPC) appearance. Moreover, number of nests containing spermatids (SPT) decreased as CPA, in combination with GnRHA, was administered in increasing doses (0.33 and 0.66 mg/injection). Intact animals treated with CPA (0.66 mg/injection) showed a time‐dependent I SPG multiplication increase which reached highest values after 28 days. Secondary SPC also proliferated until day 28; meanwhile the number of nests containing SPT decreased. Neither testosterone nor R5020 (a progestin which is not converted to androgens) modified the basal and GnRHA‐induced spermatogonial proliferation. These results confirm that in the frog, Rana esculenta, spermatid formation is impaired by CPA treatment and that I SPG multiplication is enhanced by a direct effect of GnRHA; moreover, we suggest that the abence of spermatides constitutes a signal promoting spermatogonial proliferation. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. Copyright © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/228506
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