When the mycelial to yeast transition of the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum is induced by a temperature shift from 25 to 37 degrees C, the activities of the cytochrome system and the alternate oxidase decrease in parallel over the first 24 to 40 h (stage 1 of the transition). The decrease in activity of the cytochrome system is correlated with extensive decreases in the amounts of cytochromes b, c, and aa3, assayed spectrophotometrically. After 40 h, the cells enter a dormant phase (stage 2 of the transition) and cysteine or other sulfhydryl-containing compounds are required to reactivate mitochondrial respiration. This reactivation is due to the establishment of shunt pathways which bypass blocked segments of the electron transport system. The "shunt" pathways operate normally in mycelia grown at 25 degrees C, but are shut down during the transition, possibly because of depletion of intracellular cysteine. The longstanding observation that cysteine is required to progress beyond the initial stages of the morphological transition may be due, at least in part, to the reactivation of these "shunt" pathways.

Sulfhydryl induced respiratory "shunt" pathways and their role in morphogenesis in the fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum.

SACCO, Margherita;
1983

Abstract

When the mycelial to yeast transition of the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum is induced by a temperature shift from 25 to 37 degrees C, the activities of the cytochrome system and the alternate oxidase decrease in parallel over the first 24 to 40 h (stage 1 of the transition). The decrease in activity of the cytochrome system is correlated with extensive decreases in the amounts of cytochromes b, c, and aa3, assayed spectrophotometrically. After 40 h, the cells enter a dormant phase (stage 2 of the transition) and cysteine or other sulfhydryl-containing compounds are required to reactivate mitochondrial respiration. This reactivation is due to the establishment of shunt pathways which bypass blocked segments of the electron transport system. The "shunt" pathways operate normally in mycelia grown at 25 degrees C, but are shut down during the transition, possibly because of depletion of intracellular cysteine. The longstanding observation that cysteine is required to progress beyond the initial stages of the morphological transition may be due, at least in part, to the reactivation of these "shunt" pathways.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/221633
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