The androgen receptor (AR) represents the primary target for prostate cancer (PC) treatment even when the disease progresses toward androgen-independent (AIPC) or castration-resistant (CRPC) forms. Because small chemical changes in the structure of nonsteroidal AR ligands determine the pharmacological responses of AR, we developed a novel stereoselective synthetic strategy that allows sterically hindered C2-substituted bicalutamide analogues to be obtained. Biological and theoretical evaluations demonstrate that C2-substitution with benzyl and phenyl moieties is a new, valuable option toward improving pan-antagonist behavior. Among the synthesized compounds, (R)-16m, when compared to casodex, (R)-bicalutamide, and enzalutamide, displayed very promising in vitro activity toward five different prostate cancer cell lines, all representative of CPRC and AIPC typical mutations. Despite being less active than (R)-bicalutamide, (R)-16m also displayed marked in vivo antitumor activity on VCaP xenografts and thus it may serve as starting point for developing novel AR pan-antagonists.

A New Avenue toward Androgen Receptor Pan-antagonists: C2 Sterically Hindered Substitution of Hydroxy-propanamides.

Di Donato M;CASTORIA, Gabriella;
2014

Abstract

The androgen receptor (AR) represents the primary target for prostate cancer (PC) treatment even when the disease progresses toward androgen-independent (AIPC) or castration-resistant (CRPC) forms. Because small chemical changes in the structure of nonsteroidal AR ligands determine the pharmacological responses of AR, we developed a novel stereoselective synthetic strategy that allows sterically hindered C2-substituted bicalutamide analogues to be obtained. Biological and theoretical evaluations demonstrate that C2-substitution with benzyl and phenyl moieties is a new, valuable option toward improving pan-antagonist behavior. Among the synthesized compounds, (R)-16m, when compared to casodex, (R)-bicalutamide, and enzalutamide, displayed very promising in vitro activity toward five different prostate cancer cell lines, all representative of CPRC and AIPC typical mutations. Despite being less active than (R)-bicalutamide, (R)-16m also displayed marked in vivo antitumor activity on VCaP xenografts and thus it may serve as starting point for developing novel AR pan-antagonists.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/218401
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