The oxidation of long (LCFA) and short chain fatty acids (SCFA) by myocardial mitochondria is impaired in CRF due to reduced activity of carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) and of enzymes in the β-oxidation sequence in mitochondrial matrix. It was proposed that PTH, through its ability to augment entry of calcium into cells, enhances calcium uptake by the myocardium leading to calcium accumulation which in turn affects mitochondrial function. A calcium channel blocker may therefore correct these derangements. The present study examined the effects of verapamil on LCFA and SCFA oxidation and on CPT activity of myocardial mitochondria and on 45Ca uptake by, and clacium content of, myocardium obtained from CRF rats and rats treated with PTH, with and without administration of verapamil. Both four days of PTH administration and 21 days of CRF produced significant (P < 0.01) reduction in the oxidation of LCFA and SCFA by and of CPT activity of myocardial mitochondria and a significant increase in 45Ca uptake by, and content of, the myocardium. Simultaneous administration of verapamil reversed all these derangements. Administration of verapamil alone to normal rats for 4 or 21 days did not cause significant changes in these parameters. The results of our studies are consistent with the notion that the alterations in myocardial oxidation of LCFA and SCFA in CRF or after PTH treatment are related to PTH-induced calcium accumulation in the heart, and could be reversed by a calcium channel blocker. The data could provide a rational therapeutic approach for the management of uremic myocardiopathy.

Effects of verapamil on the abnormalities in fatty acid oxidation of myocardium

PERNA, Alessandra;
1989

Abstract

The oxidation of long (LCFA) and short chain fatty acids (SCFA) by myocardial mitochondria is impaired in CRF due to reduced activity of carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) and of enzymes in the β-oxidation sequence in mitochondrial matrix. It was proposed that PTH, through its ability to augment entry of calcium into cells, enhances calcium uptake by the myocardium leading to calcium accumulation which in turn affects mitochondrial function. A calcium channel blocker may therefore correct these derangements. The present study examined the effects of verapamil on LCFA and SCFA oxidation and on CPT activity of myocardial mitochondria and on 45Ca uptake by, and clacium content of, myocardium obtained from CRF rats and rats treated with PTH, with and without administration of verapamil. Both four days of PTH administration and 21 days of CRF produced significant (P < 0.01) reduction in the oxidation of LCFA and SCFA by and of CPT activity of myocardial mitochondria and a significant increase in 45Ca uptake by, and content of, the myocardium. Simultaneous administration of verapamil reversed all these derangements. Administration of verapamil alone to normal rats for 4 or 21 days did not cause significant changes in these parameters. The results of our studies are consistent with the notion that the alterations in myocardial oxidation of LCFA and SCFA in CRF or after PTH treatment are related to PTH-induced calcium accumulation in the heart, and could be reversed by a calcium channel blocker. The data could provide a rational therapeutic approach for the management of uremic myocardiopathy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/215973
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