S-Adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (AdoHcyHD) is an ubiquitous enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of S-adenosylhomocysteine, a powerful inhibitor of most transmethylation reactions, to adenosine and L-homocysteine. AdoHcyHD from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus (PfAdoHcyHD) was cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli, and purified. The enzyme is thermoactive with an optimum temperature of 95°C, and thermostable retaining 100% residual activity after 1 h at 90°C and showing an apparent melting temperature of 98°C. The enzyme is a homotetramer of 190 kDa and contains four cysteine residues per subunit. Thiol groups are not involved in the catalytic process whereas disulfide bond(s) could be present since incubation with 0.8 M dithiothreitol reduces enzyme activity. Multiple sequence alignment of hyperthermophilic AdoHcyHD reveals the presence of two cysteine residues in the N-terminus of the enzyme conserved only in members of Pyrococcus species, and shows that hyperthermophilic AdoHcyHD lack eight C-terminal residues, thought to be important for structural and functional properties of the eukaryotic enzyme. The homology-modeled structure of PfAdoHcyHD shows that Trp220, Tyr181, Tyr184, and Leu185 of each subunit and Ile244 from a different subunit form a network of hydrophobic and aromatic interactions in the central channel formed at the subunits interface. These contacts partially replace the interactions of the C-terminal tail of the eukaryotic enzyme required for tetramer stability. Moreover, Cys221 and Lys245 substitute for Thr430 and Lys426, respectively, of the humanenzymein NAD-binding. Interestingly, all these residues are fairly well conserved in hyperthermophilic AdoHcyHDs but not in mesophilic ones, thus suggesting a common adaptation mechanism at high temperatures.

S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase from the archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus: biochemical characterization and analysis of protein structure by comparative molecular modeling.

PORCELLI, Marina;CACCIAPUOTI, Giovanna
2005

Abstract

S-Adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (AdoHcyHD) is an ubiquitous enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of S-adenosylhomocysteine, a powerful inhibitor of most transmethylation reactions, to adenosine and L-homocysteine. AdoHcyHD from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus (PfAdoHcyHD) was cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli, and purified. The enzyme is thermoactive with an optimum temperature of 95°C, and thermostable retaining 100% residual activity after 1 h at 90°C and showing an apparent melting temperature of 98°C. The enzyme is a homotetramer of 190 kDa and contains four cysteine residues per subunit. Thiol groups are not involved in the catalytic process whereas disulfide bond(s) could be present since incubation with 0.8 M dithiothreitol reduces enzyme activity. Multiple sequence alignment of hyperthermophilic AdoHcyHD reveals the presence of two cysteine residues in the N-terminus of the enzyme conserved only in members of Pyrococcus species, and shows that hyperthermophilic AdoHcyHD lack eight C-terminal residues, thought to be important for structural and functional properties of the eukaryotic enzyme. The homology-modeled structure of PfAdoHcyHD shows that Trp220, Tyr181, Tyr184, and Leu185 of each subunit and Ile244 from a different subunit form a network of hydrophobic and aromatic interactions in the central channel formed at the subunits interface. These contacts partially replace the interactions of the C-terminal tail of the eukaryotic enzyme required for tetramer stability. Moreover, Cys221 and Lys245 substitute for Thr430 and Lys426, respectively, of the humanenzymein NAD-binding. Interestingly, all these residues are fairly well conserved in hyperthermophilic AdoHcyHDs but not in mesophilic ones, thus suggesting a common adaptation mechanism at high temperatures.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/214930
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact