A survey by questionnaire to assess the daily practice of the antibiotic prophylaxis of infective endocarditis by physicians attending post-graduate schools of the Institutes of Oral Surgery and Stomatology (Group A n = 83) and Cardiology (Group B n = 46) of the Second University of Naples has been conducted. They were asked about dental procedure and cardiopathies that require prophylaxis for infective endocarditis, the relationship between infective endocarditis and rheumatic disease and the provision of antibiotic. Extraction of tooth and dental and oral surgery have been reported as the most risky procedures. Moreover provision of antibiotic prophylaxis was suggested to patients not at risk (pacemaker or coronary artery bypass), and was not suggested in high risk conditions (mitral valve prolapse with regurgitation and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy). Most of the 50-60% practitioners usually start the prophylaxis 24-48 hours before the procedure and prolong it for 48-72 hours. These results underline the need for improvement of the knowledge for the antibiotic prophylaxis of infective endocarditis.

Infectious endocarditis in dentistry practice: recent controversies and modes of the use of antibiotic prophylaxis

D'AMATO, Salvatore;
1994

Abstract

A survey by questionnaire to assess the daily practice of the antibiotic prophylaxis of infective endocarditis by physicians attending post-graduate schools of the Institutes of Oral Surgery and Stomatology (Group A n = 83) and Cardiology (Group B n = 46) of the Second University of Naples has been conducted. They were asked about dental procedure and cardiopathies that require prophylaxis for infective endocarditis, the relationship between infective endocarditis and rheumatic disease and the provision of antibiotic. Extraction of tooth and dental and oral surgery have been reported as the most risky procedures. Moreover provision of antibiotic prophylaxis was suggested to patients not at risk (pacemaker or coronary artery bypass), and was not suggested in high risk conditions (mitral valve prolapse with regurgitation and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy). Most of the 50-60% practitioners usually start the prophylaxis 24-48 hours before the procedure and prolong it for 48-72 hours. These results underline the need for improvement of the knowledge for the antibiotic prophylaxis of infective endocarditis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/205558
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