The aim of the present study was to evaluate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (flt-1), and fetal liver kinase (flk-1) expression in the heart of experimental diabetic rats. Ten young adult male Wistar rats (5 streptozo- tocin [STZ]-induced diabetic rats, without insulin treatment, and 5 controls) were studied. Ninety days after the induction of diabetes, semiquantitative reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) coamplification of VEGF/glyceralde- hyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) transcription was performed. RT-PCR was also performed for VEGF receptors flk-1 and flt-1. VEGF mRNA expression, at 234 bp, was detectable in the heart of the rats and was significantly higher in those with diabetes. Densitometric analysis of PCR products showed that VEGF mRNA levels were meanly 4.8-fold higher in STZ-induced diabetic rats than controls (VEGF/GAPDH densitometric ratio, 3.46 0.20 v 0.74 0.10, P < .001). No significant difference was found in flt-1 and flk-1 amplification products between STZ-induced diabetic rats and controls (flt-1/GAPDH densito- metric ratio, 0.58 0.01 v 0.64 0.05, P > .1; flk-1/GAPDH densitometric ratio, 0.66 0.10 v 0.7 0.06, P > .2). The increase in VEGF mRNA expression observed in this experimental diabetic model is in contrast with the typical impairment in collateral vessels of diabetic hearts. This apparent discrepancy might be explained by a resistance of cardiac tissue to VEGF. The lack of mRNA flt-1 and flk-1 overexpression in diabetic hearts could be one of the mechanisms for this resistance.

Increased vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA expression in the heart of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

SASSO, Ferdinando Carlo;
2003

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (flt-1), and fetal liver kinase (flk-1) expression in the heart of experimental diabetic rats. Ten young adult male Wistar rats (5 streptozo- tocin [STZ]-induced diabetic rats, without insulin treatment, and 5 controls) were studied. Ninety days after the induction of diabetes, semiquantitative reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) coamplification of VEGF/glyceralde- hyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) transcription was performed. RT-PCR was also performed for VEGF receptors flk-1 and flt-1. VEGF mRNA expression, at 234 bp, was detectable in the heart of the rats and was significantly higher in those with diabetes. Densitometric analysis of PCR products showed that VEGF mRNA levels were meanly 4.8-fold higher in STZ-induced diabetic rats than controls (VEGF/GAPDH densitometric ratio, 3.46 0.20 v 0.74 0.10, P < .001). No significant difference was found in flt-1 and flk-1 amplification products between STZ-induced diabetic rats and controls (flt-1/GAPDH densito- metric ratio, 0.58 0.01 v 0.64 0.05, P > .1; flk-1/GAPDH densitometric ratio, 0.66 0.10 v 0.7 0.06, P > .2). The increase in VEGF mRNA expression observed in this experimental diabetic model is in contrast with the typical impairment in collateral vessels of diabetic hearts. This apparent discrepancy might be explained by a resistance of cardiac tissue to VEGF. The lack of mRNA flt-1 and flk-1 overexpression in diabetic hearts could be one of the mechanisms for this resistance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/205471
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