The International laws and the technology developments led to a situation where the current levels of environmental pollution are below those that existed at the beginning of the century: however, these pollution levels produce harmful effects to health linked to an increase in morbidity and mortality. Over the years the pollution has changed: following the transformation of heating, motor innovation and emissions reducing, has been a reduction in air concentration of some conventional pollutants (sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, benzene), while there wasn’t a significant reduction of particulateair pollution. In this work have been questioned several electronic databases of scientific literature based on a selection algorithm that contains expressions for the following topics: “ultrafine particles”, “effects on human health”, “occupational and environmental exposure”. We analyzed 200 articles, progressively reduced to 88, selected for keywords, year of publication and arguments; the main topics covered by the articles were related to chemical and physical UFP properties, UFP exposure, European legislation relating to the values of particle concentrations in the atmosphere, toxicokinetics and effects on various organs such as, in particular, the respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system and the intracellular mechanism of action. Analysis of the literature showed that ultrafine particles (PM0.1 aerodynamic diameter less than 0.1 μm) are more powerful than the coarse particle fraction (2.5-10 μm) and fine (0.1-2.5 μm) in inducing adverse effects to human health. Unfortunately, the study of mechanisms of action of these particles presents particular difficulties because of the large number of chemical and biological mechanisms that come into play in the body after exposure to ultrafine particles.

Ultrafine particles and effects on the organism: Literature review

PEDATA, Paola;SANNOLO, Nicola
2010

Abstract

The International laws and the technology developments led to a situation where the current levels of environmental pollution are below those that existed at the beginning of the century: however, these pollution levels produce harmful effects to health linked to an increase in morbidity and mortality. Over the years the pollution has changed: following the transformation of heating, motor innovation and emissions reducing, has been a reduction in air concentration of some conventional pollutants (sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, benzene), while there wasn’t a significant reduction of particulateair pollution. In this work have been questioned several electronic databases of scientific literature based on a selection algorithm that contains expressions for the following topics: “ultrafine particles”, “effects on human health”, “occupational and environmental exposure”. We analyzed 200 articles, progressively reduced to 88, selected for keywords, year of publication and arguments; the main topics covered by the articles were related to chemical and physical UFP properties, UFP exposure, European legislation relating to the values of particle concentrations in the atmosphere, toxicokinetics and effects on various organs such as, in particular, the respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system and the intracellular mechanism of action. Analysis of the literature showed that ultrafine particles (PM0.1 aerodynamic diameter less than 0.1 μm) are more powerful than the coarse particle fraction (2.5-10 μm) and fine (0.1-2.5 μm) in inducing adverse effects to human health. Unfortunately, the study of mechanisms of action of these particles presents particular difficulties because of the large number of chemical and biological mechanisms that come into play in the body after exposure to ultrafine particles.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/205042
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