In the present work attention was focused on a wet flue gas desulfurization process using limestone suspensions, which is the most common method used to reduce SO2 emissions from power plant exhaust gases. The SO2 absorption rate was measured varying both the SO2 concentration in the gas phase and the limestone concentration in the suspension. The experiments were performed by bubbling mixtures of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen in the continuous limestone aqueous suspension. The absorption phenomenon was studied by making use of the film theory to describe the liquid-side mass transfer. It was assumed that the liquid-phase diffusional resistance is concentrated in a layer the thickness of which depends on fluid dynamics, but which is independent of the nature of the reactions taking place. The equations considered by the model describe conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium as well as material and electrical balances. Furthermore, they take into account the effect of the gradient of the electric potential of diffusion on the diffusive transport of ions and molecules in the film surrounding the gas-liquid interface. The SO2 absorption rate and the limestone dissolution rate experimentally determined were used to integrate the model equations, yielding the value of the film thickness, and allowing the determination of the concentration profiles of the different species in the liquid film and of the enhancement factor for chemical absorption. Consistency between model and experimental results, on the basis of the hypothesis of the model, was found.

"SO2 absorption in a bubbling reactor using limestone suspensions"

MUSMARRA, Dino;
1994

Abstract

In the present work attention was focused on a wet flue gas desulfurization process using limestone suspensions, which is the most common method used to reduce SO2 emissions from power plant exhaust gases. The SO2 absorption rate was measured varying both the SO2 concentration in the gas phase and the limestone concentration in the suspension. The experiments were performed by bubbling mixtures of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen in the continuous limestone aqueous suspension. The absorption phenomenon was studied by making use of the film theory to describe the liquid-side mass transfer. It was assumed that the liquid-phase diffusional resistance is concentrated in a layer the thickness of which depends on fluid dynamics, but which is independent of the nature of the reactions taking place. The equations considered by the model describe conditions of thermodynamic equilibrium as well as material and electrical balances. Furthermore, they take into account the effect of the gradient of the electric potential of diffusion on the diffusive transport of ions and molecules in the film surrounding the gas-liquid interface. The SO2 absorption rate and the limestone dissolution rate experimentally determined were used to integrate the model equations, yielding the value of the film thickness, and allowing the determination of the concentration profiles of the different species in the liquid film and of the enhancement factor for chemical absorption. Consistency between model and experimental results, on the basis of the hypothesis of the model, was found.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/203756
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