N2O emissions from two slightly alkaline sandy soils, from arable land and a woodland, were determined in a laboratory experiment in which the soils were incubated with different sources of nitrogen, with or without glucose, and with 0, 1 and 100 mL C2H2 L-1. Large differences in the rate of N2O production were observed between the two soils and between the different N treatments. The arable soil showed very low N2O emissions derived from reduced forms of N as compared with the N2O which was produced when the soil was provided with NO2/- or NO3/- and a C source, suggesting a very active denitrifier population. In contrast, the woodland soil showed a very low denitrification activity and a much higher N2O production derived from the oxidation of NH4/+ and reduction of NO2/- by some processes probably mediated by autotrophic or heterotrophic nitrifiers or dissimilatory NO2/- reducers. In both soils, the highest N2O emissions were induced by NO2/- addition. Those emissions were demonstrated to have a biological origin, as no significant N2O emissions were measured when the soil was autoclaved.

The effect of different N substrates on biological N2O production from forest and agricultural light textured soils

CASTALDI, Simona;
1998

Abstract

N2O emissions from two slightly alkaline sandy soils, from arable land and a woodland, were determined in a laboratory experiment in which the soils were incubated with different sources of nitrogen, with or without glucose, and with 0, 1 and 100 mL C2H2 L-1. Large differences in the rate of N2O production were observed between the two soils and between the different N treatments. The arable soil showed very low N2O emissions derived from reduced forms of N as compared with the N2O which was produced when the soil was provided with NO2/- or NO3/- and a C source, suggesting a very active denitrifier population. In contrast, the woodland soil showed a very low denitrification activity and a much higher N2O production derived from the oxidation of NH4/+ and reduction of NO2/- by some processes probably mediated by autotrophic or heterotrophic nitrifiers or dissimilatory NO2/- reducers. In both soils, the highest N2O emissions were induced by NO2/- addition. Those emissions were demonstrated to have a biological origin, as no significant N2O emissions were measured when the soil was autoclaved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/202885
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