Adiponectin's beneficial effects are mediated by the AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 receptors (AdipoRs). The pig is a good model to study complex disorders such as obesity. We analyzed the expression of adiponectin, AdipoRs and some key molecules of energy metabolism (AMP-activated protein kinase α [AMPKα], p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase [p38 MAPK], and PPARα) in 2 pig breeds that displayed an opposite genetic behavior for energy metabolism: Casertana (CE), a fat-type animal, and Large White (LW), a lean-type animal. Muscle, liver, visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues, and brain tissues were examined. The AdipoRs cDNA sequences were identical in the 2 breeds. AdipoRs mRNA expression, measured in all tissues, was significantly lower only in the 2 adipose tissues of CE pigs (P < 0.05). The muscle expression of AdipoRs, AMPKα, p38 MAPK, and PPARα was lower in CE than in LW animals (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, respectively). In liver, no molecule differed between breeds. The expression of both AdipoRs in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues was lower in CE pigs (P < 0.01). In brain, AdipoR1 and AMPKα expression was lower in CE pigs (P < 0.01), whereas AdipoR2 tended to be lower in CE than LW pigs (P = 0.05). In conclusion, our results suggest that tissue-specific downregulation of Adiponectin, AdipoRs, and of the key molecules of energy metabolism may be associated with the tendency of CE pigs to accumulate fat. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Tissue-specific downregulation of the adiponectin "system": possible implications for fat accumulation tendency in the pig

Nigro E;DANIELE, Aurora
2013

Abstract

Adiponectin's beneficial effects are mediated by the AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 receptors (AdipoRs). The pig is a good model to study complex disorders such as obesity. We analyzed the expression of adiponectin, AdipoRs and some key molecules of energy metabolism (AMP-activated protein kinase α [AMPKα], p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase [p38 MAPK], and PPARα) in 2 pig breeds that displayed an opposite genetic behavior for energy metabolism: Casertana (CE), a fat-type animal, and Large White (LW), a lean-type animal. Muscle, liver, visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues, and brain tissues were examined. The AdipoRs cDNA sequences were identical in the 2 breeds. AdipoRs mRNA expression, measured in all tissues, was significantly lower only in the 2 adipose tissues of CE pigs (P < 0.05). The muscle expression of AdipoRs, AMPKα, p38 MAPK, and PPARα was lower in CE than in LW animals (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, respectively). In liver, no molecule differed between breeds. The expression of both AdipoRs in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues was lower in CE pigs (P < 0.01). In brain, AdipoR1 and AMPKα expression was lower in CE pigs (P < 0.01), whereas AdipoR2 tended to be lower in CE than LW pigs (P = 0.05). In conclusion, our results suggest that tissue-specific downregulation of Adiponectin, AdipoRs, and of the key molecules of energy metabolism may be associated with the tendency of CE pigs to accumulate fat. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Inc.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/202409
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