In this study we have investigated the oxidative metabolism of red cells (RBC), plasma, serum and aqueous humour of healthy subjects and of age-matched cataractous patients with and without chronic renal failure (CRF). Reduced glutathione (GSH) levels in RBC were lower in CRF patients than in the other groups. Oxidized glutathione (GSSG) plasma levels in CRF patients were higher than those of controls and cataractous subjects. The activity of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in RBC was significantly reduced in CRF patients with respect to the other two groups. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in RBC and in lens were about twice in CRF patients compared with the other two groups. The plasma levels of vitamin E were diminished in CRF patients; on the contrary, the biological liquid oxidant activity (BLOA) of serum in CRF patients was significantly higher than in controls and in cataractous patients without CRF. Cataractous patients with and without CRF showed similar levels of GSH in aqueous humour; on the contrary, the content of GSSG was significantly higher in CRF patients. Our findings seem to demonstrate that CRF patients are exposed to oxidative stresses that could probably act synergistically with uraemia and carbamylation of lens proteins. This synergism could explain why CRF represents a relatively high risk factor for cataract. © 1990.

Systemic human diseases as oxidative risk factors in cataractogenesis. II. Chronic renal failure

SIMONELLI, Francesca;
1990

Abstract

In this study we have investigated the oxidative metabolism of red cells (RBC), plasma, serum and aqueous humour of healthy subjects and of age-matched cataractous patients with and without chronic renal failure (CRF). Reduced glutathione (GSH) levels in RBC were lower in CRF patients than in the other groups. Oxidized glutathione (GSSG) plasma levels in CRF patients were higher than those of controls and cataractous subjects. The activity of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in RBC was significantly reduced in CRF patients with respect to the other two groups. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in RBC and in lens were about twice in CRF patients compared with the other two groups. The plasma levels of vitamin E were diminished in CRF patients; on the contrary, the biological liquid oxidant activity (BLOA) of serum in CRF patients was significantly higher than in controls and in cataractous patients without CRF. Cataractous patients with and without CRF showed similar levels of GSH in aqueous humour; on the contrary, the content of GSSG was significantly higher in CRF patients. Our findings seem to demonstrate that CRF patients are exposed to oxidative stresses that could probably act synergistically with uraemia and carbamylation of lens proteins. This synergism could explain why CRF represents a relatively high risk factor for cataract. © 1990.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/200897
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