Sedimentological, paleontological and sequence analyses of Cenomanian limestones in Sicily reveal thc facies architecture and dynamics of a Mid Cretaceous rudistdominated platform margin from Western Tethys. The studied deposits outcrop near Palermo, as part of a large structural unit of the Sicilian Maghrebids. They belong to the Panormide carbonate platform, a Mesocenozoic paleogeographic domain of the African margin. The lateral continuity of the beds along three nearly parallel E-W outcrop sections allowed the recording of cm/dm thick lithological and faunal variations. Nine main lithofacies associations have been recognised along about 200 m of subvertical strata. Their vertical and lateral organisation points to a transition from highenergy shelf-margin rudist patches and shoals to more internal lagoonal-tidal environments over a short distance. The lithofacies evolution and stacking pattern along the three sections made it possible to define elementary cycles, composite cycles and larger-scale sequences with a dominant shallowing-upward trend. Their hierarchical organisation implies that sea-level fluctuations were an important factor in their formation. The cycles are characterised by a great variation in facies as a result of transgressive-regressive events in different sectors of the interred Cenomanian shelf. Subtidal cycles typical of the shelf margin (4-10 m-thick) are particularly well identifiable. They are madc of large Caprinidae and Sauvagesiac rudstonc-to-floatstone (about 2/3 of the total thickness), capped by rudist-conglomerates, often organised into 3-5 fining-upward amalgamated beds and showing, in places, effects of surfacerelated diagenesis, in more internal shelf areas the cycles consist of Caprinidae-Radiolitidae floatstonc grading up into amalgamated beds of angular bioclastic rudstone/ grainstone. Alternations of foraminifer/ostracod mudstone/wackestone and bioclastic grainstone/finc-rudstonc, capped by lofcritcs and/or by other emersion-related overprintings, characterise the cycles formed in the peritidal zones. These cycles arc stacked into three incomplete depositional sequences. The sequence boundaries have been identified by the abrupt interposition of peritidal cycles in subtidal rudist-rich cycles, with evidence of brief subaerial exposure.

Cenomanian rudist-dominated shelf-margin limestones from the Panormide carbonate platform (Sicily, Italy): facies analysis and sequence stratigraphy

RUBERTI, Daniela
2000

Abstract

Sedimentological, paleontological and sequence analyses of Cenomanian limestones in Sicily reveal thc facies architecture and dynamics of a Mid Cretaceous rudistdominated platform margin from Western Tethys. The studied deposits outcrop near Palermo, as part of a large structural unit of the Sicilian Maghrebids. They belong to the Panormide carbonate platform, a Mesocenozoic paleogeographic domain of the African margin. The lateral continuity of the beds along three nearly parallel E-W outcrop sections allowed the recording of cm/dm thick lithological and faunal variations. Nine main lithofacies associations have been recognised along about 200 m of subvertical strata. Their vertical and lateral organisation points to a transition from highenergy shelf-margin rudist patches and shoals to more internal lagoonal-tidal environments over a short distance. The lithofacies evolution and stacking pattern along the three sections made it possible to define elementary cycles, composite cycles and larger-scale sequences with a dominant shallowing-upward trend. Their hierarchical organisation implies that sea-level fluctuations were an important factor in their formation. The cycles are characterised by a great variation in facies as a result of transgressive-regressive events in different sectors of the interred Cenomanian shelf. Subtidal cycles typical of the shelf margin (4-10 m-thick) are particularly well identifiable. They are madc of large Caprinidae and Sauvagesiac rudstonc-to-floatstone (about 2/3 of the total thickness), capped by rudist-conglomerates, often organised into 3-5 fining-upward amalgamated beds and showing, in places, effects of surfacerelated diagenesis, in more internal shelf areas the cycles consist of Caprinidae-Radiolitidae floatstonc grading up into amalgamated beds of angular bioclastic rudstone/ grainstone. Alternations of foraminifer/ostracod mudstone/wackestone and bioclastic grainstone/finc-rudstonc, capped by lofcritcs and/or by other emersion-related overprintings, characterise the cycles formed in the peritidal zones. These cycles arc stacked into three incomplete depositional sequences. The sequence boundaries have been identified by the abrupt interposition of peritidal cycles in subtidal rudist-rich cycles, with evidence of brief subaerial exposure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/197829
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