Helium, neon and argon isotope ratios have been analysed from phenocrysts of eleven lava samples belonging to the last eruptive cycle of Mount Vesuvius (1631 until 1944). The phenocrysts separates include pyroxene (N = 10) and olivine (N = 1). All phenocryst samples show similarly low gas contents (He, Ne and Ar ~10-10 cm3/g). 3He/4He ratios, 5.3-2.11 R(a), are generally low if compared to those typical of the MORB and those of the European Subcontinental Mantle (ESCM), respectively R/R(a) 8.5 ± 1 and 6.0-6.5. A decreasing trend is found from 1631 to 1796, while a more homogeneous set of data is obtained for more recent eruptions, as evidenced by an average R/R(a) value of 2.85. Neon ratios (21Ne/22Ne and 20Ne/22Ne) strongly differ from those typically found on volcanoes and suggest that a crustal component has been added in the source region to Mt. Vesuvius magmas. Argon ratios (40Ar/36Ar and 38Ar/36Ar) have values similar to the atmosphere and are well correlated. The low 40Ar/36Ar ratio (max. 302) is, however, in the range of the 40Ar/36Ar ratios obtained from several lava samples at other Italian volcanoes and might be considered to have a deep origin. Two hypothesis have been discussed: (1) a deep argon-like-air source, due to subduction of air-rich sediments and/or (2) a preferential loss of Ar, in comparison to lighter noble gases, from silicic melts. Helium isotopic analysis of gas samples recently collected from crater and submarine fumaroles are similar to those of lavas belonging to the final part of this eruptive cycle. This result supports the idea that no new juvenile fluids from the source region have been injected into the magmatic reservoir during the 1631-1944 eruptive cycle and, more importantly, until 1993. Both sets of data help to understand the genesis of these fluids and to constrain the current activity of the volcano.

Noble gas isotopic ratios from historical lavas and fumaroles at Mount Vesuvius (southern Italy): Constraints for current and future volcanic activity

TEDESCO, Dario;
1998

Abstract

Helium, neon and argon isotope ratios have been analysed from phenocrysts of eleven lava samples belonging to the last eruptive cycle of Mount Vesuvius (1631 until 1944). The phenocrysts separates include pyroxene (N = 10) and olivine (N = 1). All phenocryst samples show similarly low gas contents (He, Ne and Ar ~10-10 cm3/g). 3He/4He ratios, 5.3-2.11 R(a), are generally low if compared to those typical of the MORB and those of the European Subcontinental Mantle (ESCM), respectively R/R(a) 8.5 ± 1 and 6.0-6.5. A decreasing trend is found from 1631 to 1796, while a more homogeneous set of data is obtained for more recent eruptions, as evidenced by an average R/R(a) value of 2.85. Neon ratios (21Ne/22Ne and 20Ne/22Ne) strongly differ from those typically found on volcanoes and suggest that a crustal component has been added in the source region to Mt. Vesuvius magmas. Argon ratios (40Ar/36Ar and 38Ar/36Ar) have values similar to the atmosphere and are well correlated. The low 40Ar/36Ar ratio (max. 302) is, however, in the range of the 40Ar/36Ar ratios obtained from several lava samples at other Italian volcanoes and might be considered to have a deep origin. Two hypothesis have been discussed: (1) a deep argon-like-air source, due to subduction of air-rich sediments and/or (2) a preferential loss of Ar, in comparison to lighter noble gases, from silicic melts. Helium isotopic analysis of gas samples recently collected from crater and submarine fumaroles are similar to those of lavas belonging to the final part of this eruptive cycle. This result supports the idea that no new juvenile fluids from the source region have been injected into the magmatic reservoir during the 1631-1944 eruptive cycle and, more importantly, until 1993. Both sets of data help to understand the genesis of these fluids and to constrain the current activity of the volcano.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/197233
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