The ontogenesis of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuronal systems was studied in the brain of the frog, Rana esculenta. Attention was also focussed on the differential distribution of molecular forms of GnRH during development. The first GnRH-immunoreactive neurons appear in the mesencephalon of posterior limb-stage tadpoles. These neurons are shown to contain only chicken [His5,Trp7 Tyr8]GnRH (cGnRH-II). Later in development, mammalian [Tyr5,Leu7,Arg8] GnRH (mGnRH)-like peptide-containing neurons appear simultaneously in the terminal nerve as well as in the anterior preoptic area of the telencephalon. Subsequently, only after metamorphosis, mGnRH-containing neurons appear in the medial septal area of the posterior telencephalon. It is here shown that neurons containing the two forms of GnRH are distributed in distinct brain areas during development and in the adult: mGnRH-immunoreactive neurons in the terminal nerve, olfactory bulb, mediobasal telencephalon, medial septal area, anterior preoptic area, ventrolateral thalamus and infundibulum, whereas cGnRH-II neurons are located in the mesencephalon. We hypothesize that the terminal nerve/forebrain-located GnRH neurons express immunohistochemically late in development and originate extracranially migrating centrally, along the terminal nerve, during development, whereas those located in the mesencephalon express earlier and may have an intracranial site of origin. © 1995.

Development and distribution of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuronal systems in the frog (Rana esculenta) brain: immunohistochemical analysis

PINELLI, Claudia;DI FIORE, Maria Maddalena;
1995

Abstract

The ontogenesis of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuronal systems was studied in the brain of the frog, Rana esculenta. Attention was also focussed on the differential distribution of molecular forms of GnRH during development. The first GnRH-immunoreactive neurons appear in the mesencephalon of posterior limb-stage tadpoles. These neurons are shown to contain only chicken [His5,Trp7 Tyr8]GnRH (cGnRH-II). Later in development, mammalian [Tyr5,Leu7,Arg8] GnRH (mGnRH)-like peptide-containing neurons appear simultaneously in the terminal nerve as well as in the anterior preoptic area of the telencephalon. Subsequently, only after metamorphosis, mGnRH-containing neurons appear in the medial septal area of the posterior telencephalon. It is here shown that neurons containing the two forms of GnRH are distributed in distinct brain areas during development and in the adult: mGnRH-immunoreactive neurons in the terminal nerve, olfactory bulb, mediobasal telencephalon, medial septal area, anterior preoptic area, ventrolateral thalamus and infundibulum, whereas cGnRH-II neurons are located in the mesencephalon. We hypothesize that the terminal nerve/forebrain-located GnRH neurons express immunohistochemically late in development and originate extracranially migrating centrally, along the terminal nerve, during development, whereas those located in the mesencephalon express earlier and may have an intracranial site of origin. © 1995.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/197203
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