The clinical use of doxorubicin (DXR) is limited by cardiotoxicity partially due to interference with intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis and involving the activation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release channels. It is known that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is able to potentiate the sensitivity of cancer cells to DXR. The aim of our study was to further evaluate the effects of DHA on [Ca(2+)](i) overload induced by DXR in adult rat ventricular cardiomyocytes in order to verify if DHA interferes with DXR-induced cardiotoxicity too. [Ca(2+)](i) was measured by microfluorimetry. Our data demonstrated that 100 microM DXR induced a statistically significant [Ca(2+)](i)-increase in cardiomyocytes perfused with CaCl(2) Krebs solution (from 135.7 +/- 15 nM to 560.2 +/- 49 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01) and with Ca(2+)-free Krebs solution (from 89.3 +/- 15 nM to 551.1 +/- 35 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01). Treatment with 10 microM DHA for 20 min significantly suppressed DXR [Ca(2+)](i)- increase in cells perfused with CaCl(2) Krebs solution (142.3 +/- 12 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01) and in Ca(2+)-free procedures (100.4 +/- 12 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01). Caffeine 10 mM significantly increased [Ca(2+)](i) in cardiomyocytes perfused with CaCl(2) Krebs solution (from 135.7 +/- 15 nM to 979.2 +/- 17.8 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01) and with Ca(2+)-free Krebs solution (from 89.3 +/- 15 nM to 891.1 +/- 30 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01). Treatment with 10 microM DHA for 20 min suppressed caffeine [Ca(2+)](i)-increase in cardiomyocytes perfused with CaCl(2) Krebs solution (174.2 +/- 28 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01) and in Ca(2+)-free procedures (161.9 +/- 34 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01). In conclusion, our results suggest that DHA is able to prevent acute modifications of calcium homeostasis induced by DXR probably interfering with SR Ca(2+) release channels.

Effects of docosahexaenoic acid on [Ca2+]i increase induced by doxorubicin in ventricular rat cardiomyocytes

RINALDI, Barbara;ROSSI, Settimio;PALAZZO, Enza;ROSSI, Francesco;BERRINO, Liberato
2002

Abstract

The clinical use of doxorubicin (DXR) is limited by cardiotoxicity partially due to interference with intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis and involving the activation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release channels. It is known that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is able to potentiate the sensitivity of cancer cells to DXR. The aim of our study was to further evaluate the effects of DHA on [Ca(2+)](i) overload induced by DXR in adult rat ventricular cardiomyocytes in order to verify if DHA interferes with DXR-induced cardiotoxicity too. [Ca(2+)](i) was measured by microfluorimetry. Our data demonstrated that 100 microM DXR induced a statistically significant [Ca(2+)](i)-increase in cardiomyocytes perfused with CaCl(2) Krebs solution (from 135.7 +/- 15 nM to 560.2 +/- 49 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01) and with Ca(2+)-free Krebs solution (from 89.3 +/- 15 nM to 551.1 +/- 35 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01). Treatment with 10 microM DHA for 20 min significantly suppressed DXR [Ca(2+)](i)- increase in cells perfused with CaCl(2) Krebs solution (142.3 +/- 12 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01) and in Ca(2+)-free procedures (100.4 +/- 12 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01). Caffeine 10 mM significantly increased [Ca(2+)](i) in cardiomyocytes perfused with CaCl(2) Krebs solution (from 135.7 +/- 15 nM to 979.2 +/- 17.8 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01) and with Ca(2+)-free Krebs solution (from 89.3 +/- 15 nM to 891.1 +/- 30 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01). Treatment with 10 microM DHA for 20 min suppressed caffeine [Ca(2+)](i)-increase in cardiomyocytes perfused with CaCl(2) Krebs solution (174.2 +/- 28 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01) and in Ca(2+)-free procedures (161.9 +/- 34 nM, n = 9, p < 0.01). In conclusion, our results suggest that DHA is able to prevent acute modifications of calcium homeostasis induced by DXR probably interfering with SR Ca(2+) release channels.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/194012
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