Doxorubicin (Doxo) is a widely used anticancer drug given for the treatment of leukemias, lymphomas, and solid tumors. Despite its potent antitumor effects, the cardiotoxicity of this drug limits its clinical use. The biochemical mechanisms of Doxo-induced cardiotoxicity remain unclear. Doxo has been shown to induce apoptosis in cardiomyocytes that seems to be responsible, at least in part, for Doxo cardiotoxicity. In this study, we investigated tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) receptor-mediated signaling to better understand the causes of Doxo-induced cardiotoxicity. Here, we report that Doxo is a potent inducer of apoptosis in both H9c2 cardiomyocytes and U2OS osteosarcoma tumor cells, with significant differences in terms of kinetics and caspase activation between the two cell lines. Interestingly, Doxo-induced apoptosis is accompanied by relevant changes in TNF-alpha receptor levels in H9c2 cardiomyocytes but not in U2OS cells. Moreover, treatment with exogenous TNF-alpha strongly potentiates the apoptotic effect of Doxo in H9c2 cardiomyocytes but not in U2OS cells. Our findings show that the function of TNF receptors I and II is affected by Doxo to ultimately modulate apoptosis and cell survival in H9c2 cardiomyocytes, reinforcing the recent evidence of the relevant role of TNF-alpha receptor-mediated signaling in cardiotoxicity induced by anthracyclines.

Change in TNF-alpha receptor expression is a relevant event in doxorubicin-induced H9c2 cardiomyocyte cell death

CHIOSI, Emilio;SPINA, Annamaria;CARAGLIA, Michele;NAVIGLIO, Silvio;
2007

Abstract

Doxorubicin (Doxo) is a widely used anticancer drug given for the treatment of leukemias, lymphomas, and solid tumors. Despite its potent antitumor effects, the cardiotoxicity of this drug limits its clinical use. The biochemical mechanisms of Doxo-induced cardiotoxicity remain unclear. Doxo has been shown to induce apoptosis in cardiomyocytes that seems to be responsible, at least in part, for Doxo cardiotoxicity. In this study, we investigated tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) receptor-mediated signaling to better understand the causes of Doxo-induced cardiotoxicity. Here, we report that Doxo is a potent inducer of apoptosis in both H9c2 cardiomyocytes and U2OS osteosarcoma tumor cells, with significant differences in terms of kinetics and caspase activation between the two cell lines. Interestingly, Doxo-induced apoptosis is accompanied by relevant changes in TNF-alpha receptor levels in H9c2 cardiomyocytes but not in U2OS cells. Moreover, treatment with exogenous TNF-alpha strongly potentiates the apoptotic effect of Doxo in H9c2 cardiomyocytes but not in U2OS cells. Our findings show that the function of TNF receptors I and II is affected by Doxo to ultimately modulate apoptosis and cell survival in H9c2 cardiomyocytes, reinforcing the recent evidence of the relevant role of TNF-alpha receptor-mediated signaling in cardiotoxicity induced by anthracyclines.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/193855
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