The impact of hepatitis B virus (HBV) superinfection in hepatitisCvirus (HCV) chronic carriers was evaluated in a long-term follow-up study on 29 chronic anti-HCV carriers with acute hepatitis B (AVH-B) (Case group BC) and 29 anti-HCV negative patients with AVH-B (Control group B), pair-matched for age (*5 years), sex, and risk factors for the acquisition of HBV infection. Patients in Case group BC and those in Control group B showed similar initial HBV viral load and a similar trend of becoming negative for HBV-DNA. AVH-B showed a severe course more frequently in Case group BC than in Control group B (34.5% versus 6.9%, P < 0.05). Of the 28 patients in Case group BC alive at the end of the acute illness (one death from liver failure), 24 were followed up for 2-6 years, median 5 years: 22 patients became HBsAgnegative and two progressed to HBsAg-positive chronic hepatitis. HCV-RNA was undetectable in all patients during AVH-B; in the 24 patients with a long-term follow-up, HCV-RNA was detected in seven (29.2%) after 1 year, in 14 (58.3%) after 2 years, and in 18 (75%) after 3-6 years. The six patients who eradicated chronic HCV infection, compared with 18 showing reactivation of HCV replication, had higher values of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase and a higher prevalence of cases with severe AVH-B (83.3% versus 22.2%, P < 0.05). Conclusions: Although it can be life-threatening, HBV superinfection in HCV chronic carriers may lead to clearance of chronic HCV infection, especially in patients with severe AVH-B.

HBV Superinfection in HCV Chronic Carriers: A Disease That Is Frequently Severe but Associated with the Eradication of HCV

COPPOLA, Nicola;PISATURO M.;SAGNELLI, Caterina;FILIPPINI, Pietro
2009

Abstract

The impact of hepatitis B virus (HBV) superinfection in hepatitisCvirus (HCV) chronic carriers was evaluated in a long-term follow-up study on 29 chronic anti-HCV carriers with acute hepatitis B (AVH-B) (Case group BC) and 29 anti-HCV negative patients with AVH-B (Control group B), pair-matched for age (*5 years), sex, and risk factors for the acquisition of HBV infection. Patients in Case group BC and those in Control group B showed similar initial HBV viral load and a similar trend of becoming negative for HBV-DNA. AVH-B showed a severe course more frequently in Case group BC than in Control group B (34.5% versus 6.9%, P < 0.05). Of the 28 patients in Case group BC alive at the end of the acute illness (one death from liver failure), 24 were followed up for 2-6 years, median 5 years: 22 patients became HBsAgnegative and two progressed to HBsAg-positive chronic hepatitis. HCV-RNA was undetectable in all patients during AVH-B; in the 24 patients with a long-term follow-up, HCV-RNA was detected in seven (29.2%) after 1 year, in 14 (58.3%) after 2 years, and in 18 (75%) after 3-6 years. The six patients who eradicated chronic HCV infection, compared with 18 showing reactivation of HCV replication, had higher values of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase and a higher prevalence of cases with severe AVH-B (83.3% versus 22.2%, P < 0.05). Conclusions: Although it can be life-threatening, HBV superinfection in HCV chronic carriers may lead to clearance of chronic HCV infection, especially in patients with severe AVH-B.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/193094
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 83
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 67
social impact