We have recently described1 mucosal ultrastructural impairments, such as height and thickness of microvilli, space between microvilli, and thickness of tight junctions, in non-coeliac type 1 diabetic patients after a preliminary report of an alteration in intestinal mucosal permeability (IP) evaluated by the lactulose/mannitol (LA/MA) test.2,3 Therefore, in the “aetiological” classification of autoimmunity based on initiating factors,4 the category of diet induced diseases could be expanded to include type 1 diabetes and, perhaps, other endocrine autoimmune diseases. Thyroiditis is the most frequently associated autoimmune endocrine disease with type 1 diabetes. Moreover, type 1 diabetes and Hashimoto thyroiditis present similar pathogenetic mechanisms of cellular damage, a cell mediated autoimmunity induced by Th1 cytokines. However, mucosal intestinal morphology and function have not yet been studied in autoimmune thyroiditis patients. Hence we investigated intestinal mucosal ultrastructural morphology and IP in a group of patients with autoimmune thyroiditis. The study was approved by the local ethics committee. Fourteen patients (12 females and 2 males; mean age 33.2 (SD 10.2) years) and 23 controls (12 females and 11 males; mean age 27.9 (SD 8.01) years) were enrolled into the study after giving written informed consent. The diagnosis of autoimmune thyroiditis was based on the following criteria: plasma autoantibody TPO positive at high titre and a typical thyroiditis ultrasound pattern. All patients were in euthyroidism (normal FT3, FT4, and TSH plasma levels without hormonal therapy). Mean duration of known disease was 5.2 (2.5) years. All patients were negative for the presence of antigliadin antibodies IgA and IgG, antiendomysium antibodies IgA, as well as antihuman transglutaminase IgA following a gluten rich Mediterranean diet. Type 1 diabetes mellitus was excluded according to the 1997 American Diabetes Association criteria, and none of the participants had a family history of diabetes mellitus. Other intestinal and endocrine diseases were excluded through clinical and, when indicated, laboratory evaluation. Food or other allergies were excluded. None of the subjects reported gastrointestinal signs or symptoms, or was a habitual smoker, abuser of alcohol, or regularly took non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Ultrastructural changes in enterocytes in subjects with Hashimoto's thyroiditis

SASSO, Ferdinando Carlo
Conceptualization
;
MEZZOGIORNO, Antonio
Conceptualization
;
DE MAGISTRIS, Laura
Conceptualization
;
IAFUSCO, Dario
Conceptualization
;
2004

Abstract

We have recently described1 mucosal ultrastructural impairments, such as height and thickness of microvilli, space between microvilli, and thickness of tight junctions, in non-coeliac type 1 diabetic patients after a preliminary report of an alteration in intestinal mucosal permeability (IP) evaluated by the lactulose/mannitol (LA/MA) test.2,3 Therefore, in the “aetiological” classification of autoimmunity based on initiating factors,4 the category of diet induced diseases could be expanded to include type 1 diabetes and, perhaps, other endocrine autoimmune diseases. Thyroiditis is the most frequently associated autoimmune endocrine disease with type 1 diabetes. Moreover, type 1 diabetes and Hashimoto thyroiditis present similar pathogenetic mechanisms of cellular damage, a cell mediated autoimmunity induced by Th1 cytokines. However, mucosal intestinal morphology and function have not yet been studied in autoimmune thyroiditis patients. Hence we investigated intestinal mucosal ultrastructural morphology and IP in a group of patients with autoimmune thyroiditis. The study was approved by the local ethics committee. Fourteen patients (12 females and 2 males; mean age 33.2 (SD 10.2) years) and 23 controls (12 females and 11 males; mean age 27.9 (SD 8.01) years) were enrolled into the study after giving written informed consent. The diagnosis of autoimmune thyroiditis was based on the following criteria: plasma autoantibody TPO positive at high titre and a typical thyroiditis ultrasound pattern. All patients were in euthyroidism (normal FT3, FT4, and TSH plasma levels without hormonal therapy). Mean duration of known disease was 5.2 (2.5) years. All patients were negative for the presence of antigliadin antibodies IgA and IgG, antiendomysium antibodies IgA, as well as antihuman transglutaminase IgA following a gluten rich Mediterranean diet. Type 1 diabetes mellitus was excluded according to the 1997 American Diabetes Association criteria, and none of the participants had a family history of diabetes mellitus. Other intestinal and endocrine diseases were excluded through clinical and, when indicated, laboratory evaluation. Food or other allergies were excluded. None of the subjects reported gastrointestinal signs or symptoms, or was a habitual smoker, abuser of alcohol, or regularly took non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/192205
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