Aims:We analyzed the effects of tight glycemic control on regenerative potential of myocardium during acute myocardial infarction.Patients and Methods:Seventy-five patients with their first acute myocardial infarction undergoing coronary bypass surgery were studied: 25 patients with glycemia below 140 mg/dl served as the control group; hyperglycemic patients (glucose >140 mg/dl) were randomized to intensive glycemic control (IGC; n = 20; glucose goal, 80-140 mg/dl), conventional glycemic control (CGC; n = 20; glucose goal, 180-200 mg/dl), or glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK; n = 10; glucose goal, 180-200 mg/dl) for almost 3 d before surgery, using insulin infusion followed by sc insulin treatment. During surgery, myocyte precursor cells (MPC) (c-kit/MEFC2/GATA4-positive cells), oxidation of MPC DNA (c-kit/8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine-positive cells), senescent MPC (c-kit/p16(INK4a)-positive cells), and cycling cardiomyocytes (Ki-67-positive cells) were analyzed in biopsy specimens taken from the peri-infarcted area.Results and Discussion: Before surgery, plasma glucose reduction was greater in the IGC group than in the CGC and GIK groups (P < 0.001 for both). IGC patients had higher MPC (P < 0.01) and cycling myocytes (P < 0.01), as well as less oxidized (P < 0.01) and senescent MPC (P < 0.01) in peri-infarcted specimens compared with both CGC and GIK patients. Tight glycemic control, by reducing senescent MPC, may increase regenerative potential of the ischemic myocardium.

Aims: We analyzed the effects of tight glycemic control on regenerative potential of myocardium during acute myocardial infarction. Patients and Methods: Seventy-five patients with their first acute myocardial infarction undergoing coronary bypass surgery were studied: 25 patients with glycemia below 140 mg/dl served as the control group; hyperglycemic patients (glucose >140 mg/dl) were randomized to intensive glycemic control (IGC; n=20; glucose goal, 80-140 mg/dl), conventional glycemic control (CGC; n= 20; glucose goal, 180-200 mg/dl), or glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK; n=10; glucose goal, 180-200 mg/dl) for almost 3 d before surgery, using insulin infusion followed by sc insulin treatment. During surgery, myocyte precursor cells (MPC) (c-kit/MEFC2/GATA4- positive cells), oxidation of MPC DNA (c-kit/8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine-positive cells), senescent MPC (c-kit/p16 INK4a-positive cells), and cycling cardiomyocytes (Ki-67-positive cells) were analyzed in biopsy specimens taken from the peri-infarcted area. Results and Discussion: Before surgery, plasma glucose reduction was greater in the IGC group than in the CGC and GIK groups (P < 0.001 for both). IGC patients had higher MPC (P < 0.01) and cycling myocytes (P < 0.01), as well as less oxidized (P < 0.01) and senescent MPC (P < 0.01) in peri-infarcted specimens compared with both CGC and GIK patients. Tight glycemic control, by reducing senescent MPC, may increase regenerative potential of the ischemic myocardium. Copyright © 2012 by The Endocrine Society.

Tight Glycemic Control May Increase Regenerative Potential of Myocardium during Acute Infarction.

MARFELLA, Raffaele;SASSO, Ferdinando Carlo;CACCIAPUOTI, Federico;RIZZO, Maria Rosaria;FERRARACCIO, Franca;TORELLA, Michele;BALESTRIERI, Maria Luisa;STIUSO, Paola;NAPPI, Gianantonio;PAOLISSO, Giuseppe
2012

Abstract

Aims:We analyzed the effects of tight glycemic control on regenerative potential of myocardium during acute myocardial infarction.Patients and Methods:Seventy-five patients with their first acute myocardial infarction undergoing coronary bypass surgery were studied: 25 patients with glycemia below 140 mg/dl served as the control group; hyperglycemic patients (glucose >140 mg/dl) were randomized to intensive glycemic control (IGC; n = 20; glucose goal, 80-140 mg/dl), conventional glycemic control (CGC; n = 20; glucose goal, 180-200 mg/dl), or glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK; n = 10; glucose goal, 180-200 mg/dl) for almost 3 d before surgery, using insulin infusion followed by sc insulin treatment. During surgery, myocyte precursor cells (MPC) (c-kit/MEFC2/GATA4-positive cells), oxidation of MPC DNA (c-kit/8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine-positive cells), senescent MPC (c-kit/p16(INK4a)-positive cells), and cycling cardiomyocytes (Ki-67-positive cells) were analyzed in biopsy specimens taken from the peri-infarcted area.Results and Discussion: Before surgery, plasma glucose reduction was greater in the IGC group than in the CGC and GIK groups (P < 0.001 for both). IGC patients had higher MPC (P < 0.01) and cycling myocytes (P < 0.01), as well as less oxidized (P < 0.01) and senescent MPC (P < 0.01) in peri-infarcted specimens compared with both CGC and GIK patients. Tight glycemic control, by reducing senescent MPC, may increase regenerative potential of the ischemic myocardium.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/190948
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