BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to detect if right ventricular (RV) ejection fraction assessed by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) could predict patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with greater functional impairment in response to cardiopulmonary exercise. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy chronic heart failure patients with DCM (55.5 ± 9.1 years; 48 males; 30 ischemic; New York Heart Association Class III: 48) underwent both left ventricular (LV) and RV analysis by RT3DE. Postprocessing software provided data of RT3DE systolic dyssynchrony index of 16 LV segments (systolic dyssynchrony index [SDI]) and of both LV and RV ejection fraction. Cardiac magnetic resonance was performed in a subgroup of 40 DCM patients to confirm RT3DE measurements. All the patients underwent also bicycle cardiopulmonary exercise test with evaluation of oxygen consumption (VO2) peak% (percentage of the predicted value), VE/VCO2 slope, and circulatory power (CP). Mean LV ejection fraction was 29.8 ± 4.6%. RT3DE LV SDI index was 8.4.4 ± 4.2, and RV ejection fraction was 51.3 ± 4.6%. By cardiopulmonary test, mean VO2 peak was 15.2 ± 4.4 mL·kg·min, and mean CP was 2.1 ± 0.8. By univariable analyses, significant correlations were detectable between SDI index and VO2 peak% (r = -0.56; P < .0001) and peak CP (r = -0.48; P < .0005). Also RV ejection fraction directly correlated with VO2 peak% (r = 0.58; P < .0001) and inversely with VE/VCO2 slope (r = -0.44; P < .001). By multivariable analysis, SDI index (β coefficient = -0.46; P < .001) and 3D RV ejection fraction (β coefficient = 0.42; P < .001) emerged as the only independent determinants of VO2 peak% during cardiopulmonary test. CONCLUSIONS: Increased LV electromechanical dyssynchrony and impaired RV function in DCM patients are independently associated with worse ability to perform aerobic exercise.

Right ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular dyssynchrony by 3D echo correlate with functional impairment in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.

DEL VISCOVO, Luca;LIMONGELLI, Giuseppe;RUSSO, Maria Giovanna;CALABRO', Raffaele
2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to detect if right ventricular (RV) ejection fraction assessed by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) could predict patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with greater functional impairment in response to cardiopulmonary exercise. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy chronic heart failure patients with DCM (55.5 ± 9.1 years; 48 males; 30 ischemic; New York Heart Association Class III: 48) underwent both left ventricular (LV) and RV analysis by RT3DE. Postprocessing software provided data of RT3DE systolic dyssynchrony index of 16 LV segments (systolic dyssynchrony index [SDI]) and of both LV and RV ejection fraction. Cardiac magnetic resonance was performed in a subgroup of 40 DCM patients to confirm RT3DE measurements. All the patients underwent also bicycle cardiopulmonary exercise test with evaluation of oxygen consumption (VO2) peak% (percentage of the predicted value), VE/VCO2 slope, and circulatory power (CP). Mean LV ejection fraction was 29.8 ± 4.6%. RT3DE LV SDI index was 8.4.4 ± 4.2, and RV ejection fraction was 51.3 ± 4.6%. By cardiopulmonary test, mean VO2 peak was 15.2 ± 4.4 mL·kg·min, and mean CP was 2.1 ± 0.8. By univariable analyses, significant correlations were detectable between SDI index and VO2 peak% (r = -0.56; P < .0001) and peak CP (r = -0.48; P < .0005). Also RV ejection fraction directly correlated with VO2 peak% (r = 0.58; P < .0001) and inversely with VE/VCO2 slope (r = -0.44; P < .001). By multivariable analysis, SDI index (β coefficient = -0.46; P < .001) and 3D RV ejection fraction (β coefficient = 0.42; P < .001) emerged as the only independent determinants of VO2 peak% during cardiopulmonary test. CONCLUSIONS: Increased LV electromechanical dyssynchrony and impaired RV function in DCM patients are independently associated with worse ability to perform aerobic exercise.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/190510
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