Background. 'Interstitial Lung Disease' is a term that includes a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by variable degrees of parenchymal inflammation (alveolitis) and fibrosis. Alveolitis represents one of the most important aspects of ILD and its characterization by broncho- alveolar lavage (BAL) can give explanations of the different clinical features, in association with the evaluation of physiological changes and High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT). The aim of this study was to establish a correlation between variations in broncho-alveolar cells and anatomical-functional alterations in patients affected by ILD before and after corticoid therapy. Methods. Thirty-one patients (14 males 17 females) were introduced in the study and were evaluated for clinical signs, functional parameters, HRCT and cyto-immunological aspects of BAL fluid. All data were acquired at the admission in the study, after 60 and 180 days. Patients had received prednisone 1 mg/kg/die for 60 days and, then, 0.25 mg/kg/die for 120 days. Results. In lymphocyte alveolitis; a clinical- radiological improvement was frequently observed after therapy while in those with neutrophilic and eosinophilic components, no improvement was detected. Conclusions. In conclusion, BAL represents a useful tool in qualifying ILD which can be easily monitored by clinical, functional and radiological data. Therefore, a new method for the diagnosis and monitoring of ILD is suggested. This method has the marked advantage to reach a reliable diagnosis even in a high percentage of patients who refuse or can not undergo the biopsy assay.
|Titolo:||Correlations between functional-anatomical data and broncho-alveolar cellularity in patients with interstitial lung diseases|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|