Hyperhomocysteinemia is a cardiovascular risk factor and may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by altering endothelial functions. The mechanism of homocysteine- induced cell adhesion has been here investigated using EA.hy 926 cells. Homocysteine induces a stereospecific, time- and dose dependent cell adhesion which is prevented by adenosine. The dramatic increase of S-adenosylhomocysteine induced by adenosine- 20,30-dialdehyde does not cause cell adhesion, indicating that no apparent relationship exists between this process and intracellular S-adenosylhomocysteine content. Homocysteine- induced cell adhesion is abolished by pre-treatment with adenosine- 20,30-dialdehyde, demonstrating that the adenosine depletion caused by reversal of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase reaction is responsible for homocysteine-induced cell damage.

Homocysteine-induced endothelial cell adhesion is related to adenosine lowering and is not mediated by S-adenosylhomocysteine.

CACCIAPUOTI, Giovanna;MANNA, Caterina;PORCELLI, Marina
2007

Abstract

Hyperhomocysteinemia is a cardiovascular risk factor and may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis by altering endothelial functions. The mechanism of homocysteine- induced cell adhesion has been here investigated using EA.hy 926 cells. Homocysteine induces a stereospecific, time- and dose dependent cell adhesion which is prevented by adenosine. The dramatic increase of S-adenosylhomocysteine induced by adenosine- 20,30-dialdehyde does not cause cell adhesion, indicating that no apparent relationship exists between this process and intracellular S-adenosylhomocysteine content. Homocysteine- induced cell adhesion is abolished by pre-treatment with adenosine- 20,30-dialdehyde, demonstrating that the adenosine depletion caused by reversal of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase reaction is responsible for homocysteine-induced cell damage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/188324
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