Seven mixtures of coals, plastics and wood have been pelletized and fed into a pre-pilot scale fluidized bed gasifier in order to investigate the main aspects of the co-gasification of these materials. The main components of the obtained syngas (CO, H2, CO2, N2, CH 4, CnHm) were measured by means of on-line analyzers and a gas cromatograph. The performance of the gasifier was evaluated on the basis of syngas composition, carbon conversion efficiency, energy content of syngas, cold gas efficiency and yield of undesired by-products (tar and soot-like particulate). The results of a first series of experimental tests showed the effect of gas fluidizing velocity and that of equivalence ratio on the main performance parameters for a specific coal-plastics mixture. A second series of tests has been carried out by changing the mixture composition keeping fixed the gas velocity and equivalence ratio. The presence of wood and coal in the mixture with plastics contributed to reduce the tar production even though it is accompanied by a lower syngas specific energy. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Co-gasification of coal, plastic waste and wood in a bubbling fluidized bed reactor

MASTELLONE, Maria Laura;ZACCARIELLO, Lucio;ARENA, Umberto
2010

Abstract

Seven mixtures of coals, plastics and wood have been pelletized and fed into a pre-pilot scale fluidized bed gasifier in order to investigate the main aspects of the co-gasification of these materials. The main components of the obtained syngas (CO, H2, CO2, N2, CH 4, CnHm) were measured by means of on-line analyzers and a gas cromatograph. The performance of the gasifier was evaluated on the basis of syngas composition, carbon conversion efficiency, energy content of syngas, cold gas efficiency and yield of undesired by-products (tar and soot-like particulate). The results of a first series of experimental tests showed the effect of gas fluidizing velocity and that of equivalence ratio on the main performance parameters for a specific coal-plastics mixture. A second series of tests has been carried out by changing the mixture composition keeping fixed the gas velocity and equivalence ratio. The presence of wood and coal in the mixture with plastics contributed to reduce the tar production even though it is accompanied by a lower syngas specific energy. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/188294
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