Periodontitis is a multifactorial polymicrobial infection characterized by a destructive inflammatory process affecting tooth-supporting tissues and resulting in periodontal pocket formation, alveolar bone resorption and, eventually, tooth loss. The continuous challenge of host immune and resident cells by periodontopathogens and their virulence factors, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), results in enhanced and uncontrolled secretion of cytokines. The latter directly or indirectly participate in tissue destruction and bone resorption. Metronidazole (MTZ) is a widely used antimicrobial agent. The immunomodulatory effects of antibiotics might influence the degree of the local response to infection on the human periodontal ligament cell (HPLC). HPLCs play a role in the immune response of the oral cavity. In addition, HPLC can produce cytokines that increase the inflammatory response and that supply for normal communication. MTZ has also been proposed in the field of periodontal therapy either with a systemic administration or with local biodegradable sustained-release agents. The local administration of MTZ in the form of gel significantly reduces the systemic side effects. The aim of the present study, was to simulate the in vivo conditions occurring in diseased periodontal sites, and to evaluate the effects of MTZ on the viability of isolated HPLCs. The ability of MTZ to modulate the release of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in HPLC, treated or not with LPS of Porphyromonas gingivalis was also evaluated. The results obtained showed that MTZ had no cytotoxic effect on HPLC and was able to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines analyzed. The ability of MTZ to determine immunomodulatory effects could provide possible therapeutic applications in the field of periodontal research. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Effect of metronidazole and modulation of cytokine production on human periodontal ligament cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|