Aortic regurgitation (AR) has increased in the pediatric population because of the expanded use of new surgical and hemodynamic procedures. Unfortunately, the exact timing for operation in patients with AR is still debated. Conventional echocardiographic parameters, left ventricular (LV) dimensions and the LV ejection fraction, have limitations in predicting early LV dysfunction. Two-dimensional strain imaging, an emerging ultrasound technology, has the potential to better study those patients. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of 2-dimensional longitudinal strain in young patients with congenital isolated moderate to severe AR. Twenty-six young patients with asymptomatic AR (aged 3 to 16 years) were studied. The mean follow-up duration was 2.9 ± 1.2 years (range 0.5 to 6). Baseline LV function by speckle-tracking and conventional echocardiography in patients with stable disease was compared with that in patients with progressive AR (defined as development of symptoms, increase in LV volume ≥15%, or decrease in the LV ejection fraction ≤10% during follow-up). LV ejection fractions were similar between groups. The jet area/LV outflow tract area ratio was significantly increased in patients with AR with progressive disease (31.2 ± 5.6% vs 39.2 ± 3.8%, p <0.001). The peak transmitral early velocity/early diastolic mitral annular velocity ratio was significantly increased in patients with progressive AR (p = 0.001). LV average longitudinal strain was significantly reduced in patients with progressive AR compared to those with stable AR (-17.8 ± 3.9% vs -22.7 ± 2.7%, p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, the only significant risk factor for progressive AR was average LV longitudinal strain (p = 0.04, cut-off value >-19.5%, sensitivity 77.8%, specificity 94.1%, area under the curve 0.889). In conclusion, 2-dimensional strain imaging can discriminate young asymptomatic patients with progressive AR. This could allow young patients with AR to have a better definition of surgical timing before the occurrence of irreversible myocardial damage

Usefulness of Bidimensional Strain Imaging for Predicting Outcome in Asymptomatic Patients Aged ≤ 16 Years With Isolated Moderate to Severe Aortic Regurgitation.

DI SALVO, Giovanni;LIMONGELLI, Giuseppe;CALABRO', Raffaele;RUSSO, Maria Giovanna
2012

Abstract

Aortic regurgitation (AR) has increased in the pediatric population because of the expanded use of new surgical and hemodynamic procedures. Unfortunately, the exact timing for operation in patients with AR is still debated. Conventional echocardiographic parameters, left ventricular (LV) dimensions and the LV ejection fraction, have limitations in predicting early LV dysfunction. Two-dimensional strain imaging, an emerging ultrasound technology, has the potential to better study those patients. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of 2-dimensional longitudinal strain in young patients with congenital isolated moderate to severe AR. Twenty-six young patients with asymptomatic AR (aged 3 to 16 years) were studied. The mean follow-up duration was 2.9 ± 1.2 years (range 0.5 to 6). Baseline LV function by speckle-tracking and conventional echocardiography in patients with stable disease was compared with that in patients with progressive AR (defined as development of symptoms, increase in LV volume ≥15%, or decrease in the LV ejection fraction ≤10% during follow-up). LV ejection fractions were similar between groups. The jet area/LV outflow tract area ratio was significantly increased in patients with AR with progressive disease (31.2 ± 5.6% vs 39.2 ± 3.8%, p <0.001). The peak transmitral early velocity/early diastolic mitral annular velocity ratio was significantly increased in patients with progressive AR (p = 0.001). LV average longitudinal strain was significantly reduced in patients with progressive AR compared to those with stable AR (-17.8 ± 3.9% vs -22.7 ± 2.7%, p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, the only significant risk factor for progressive AR was average LV longitudinal strain (p = 0.04, cut-off value >-19.5%, sensitivity 77.8%, specificity 94.1%, area under the curve 0.889). In conclusion, 2-dimensional strain imaging can discriminate young asymptomatic patients with progressive AR. This could allow young patients with AR to have a better definition of surgical timing before the occurrence of irreversible myocardial damage
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/184614
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 20
social impact