Helicobacter pylori colonizes the human stomach and causes gastric disease. The resulting gastric damage is a multi-step process involving several molecular factors and different target cells. Th1 cytokines released by neutrophils and lymphoid cells that infiltrate gastric mucosa, nitric oxide production and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) are associated with immune activation and tissue injury. Many other molecular processes such as apoptosis, as well as angiogenic factors and integrins, are involved in H. pylori pathogenesis. We used cancer gastric cells AGS and MKN as experimental models to evaluate apoptotic rates, iNOS gene expression with and without the presence of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), placenta growth factor gene expression and alphav modulation. Our results show that AGS cells stimulated with H. pylori underwent apoptosis. Moreover, the addition of IFN-gamma caused a further increase in iNOS gene expression and in the apoptotic rates. We also found early modulation in PlGF and alphav expression, and noted that p53 and bax gene expression was involved in the apoptotic process. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that H. pylori employs a series of mechanisms to avoid the host defense and cause gastric mucosa damage. One H. pylori pathogenic mechanism for causing gastric damage is the induction of iNOS-dependent apoptosis that is strongly enhanced by IFN-gamma. Thus, data obtained indicate that Th1 cytokines such as IFN-gamma, via modulation of iNOS gene expression, may contribute to an increase in the pathogenicity of H. pylori infections.
|Titolo:||Interferon-gamma cooperates with Helicobacter pylori to induce iNOS-related apoptosis in AGS gastric adenocarcinoma cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|