A numerical investigation on a compact heat exchanger in aluminum foam is carried out. The governing equations in two-dimensional steady state regime are written in local thermal non-equilibrium (LTNE). The geometrical domain under investigation is made up of a plate in aluminum foam with inside a single array of five circular tubes. The presence of the open-celled metal foam is modeled as a porous media by means of the Darcy-Forchheimer law. The foam has a porosity of 0.93 with 20 pores per inch and the LTNE assumption is used to simulate the heat transfer between metal foam and air. The compact heat exchanger at different air flow rates is studied with an assigned surface tube temperature. The results in terms of local heat transfer coefficient and Nusselt number on the external surface of the tubes are given. Moreover, local air temperature and velocity profiles in the smaller cross section, between two consecutive tubes, as a function of Reynolds number are showed. The performance evaluation criteria (PEC) is assessed in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the metal foam.

A Numerical Analysis on a Compact Heat Exchanger in Aluminum Foam

Buonomo, B.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Manca, O.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Nardini, S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2016

Abstract

A numerical investigation on a compact heat exchanger in aluminum foam is carried out. The governing equations in two-dimensional steady state regime are written in local thermal non-equilibrium (LTNE). The geometrical domain under investigation is made up of a plate in aluminum foam with inside a single array of five circular tubes. The presence of the open-celled metal foam is modeled as a porous media by means of the Darcy-Forchheimer law. The foam has a porosity of 0.93 with 20 pores per inch and the LTNE assumption is used to simulate the heat transfer between metal foam and air. The compact heat exchanger at different air flow rates is studied with an assigned surface tube temperature. The results in terms of local heat transfer coefficient and Nusselt number on the external surface of the tubes are given. Moreover, local air temperature and velocity profiles in the smaller cross section, between two consecutive tubes, as a function of Reynolds number are showed. The performance evaluation criteria (PEC) is assessed in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the metal foam.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/386321
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