Background & Aims: The cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) has been implicated in liver disease. The single-nucleotide polymorphism rs35761398 in cannabinoid receptor 2 gene (CNR2), which encodes the CB2, substitutes glutamine (Q) 63 with arginine (R), and reduces the function of the gene product. We investigated the effects of CNR2 rs35761398 in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Methods: We studied 169 consecutive patients with asymptomatic chronic hepatitis (tested positive for anti-HCV and HCV RNA) at 2 liver units in southern Italy. First, liver biopsy samples were collected from July 2009 through December 2011. All patients were naive to antiviral therapy; CNR2 genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction analysis. Results: Patients with the CB2-63 QQ variant had higher serum levels of aminotransferase than those with the CB2-63 QR or RR variants; they also had higher histologic activity index (HAI) scores (8.6 ± 3.8) than patients without the CB2-63 RR variant (5.3 ± 3.6; P < .005) or those with the CB2-63 QR variant (5.8 ± 3.3; P < .001). Patients with the different variants of CNR2 did not differ in fibrosis stage or steatosis score. Moderate or severe chronic hepatitis (HAI score, >8) was identified more frequently (55.5%) in patients with the CB2-63 QQ variant than in those with the 63 QR (20%; P < .005) or RR variants (17.4%; P < .005). In logistic regression analysis, the CB2-63 QQ variant and fibrosis score were independent predictors of moderate or severe chronic hepatitis (HAI score, >8; P < .0001). Conclusions: The CB2-63 QQ variant of CNR2 is associated with more severe inflammation and hepatocellular necrosis in patients with HCV infection. © 2014 AGA Institute.

Association between a polymorphism in cannabinoid receptor 2 and severe necroinflammation in patients with chronic hepatitis C

Coppola N.;Zampino R.;Bellini G.;Marrone A.;Pisaturo M.;Nobili B.;Pasquale G.;Maione S.;Adinolfi L. E.;Perrone L.;Sagnelli E.;Miraglia Del Giudice E.;Rossi F.
2014

Abstract

Background & Aims: The cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) has been implicated in liver disease. The single-nucleotide polymorphism rs35761398 in cannabinoid receptor 2 gene (CNR2), which encodes the CB2, substitutes glutamine (Q) 63 with arginine (R), and reduces the function of the gene product. We investigated the effects of CNR2 rs35761398 in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Methods: We studied 169 consecutive patients with asymptomatic chronic hepatitis (tested positive for anti-HCV and HCV RNA) at 2 liver units in southern Italy. First, liver biopsy samples were collected from July 2009 through December 2011. All patients were naive to antiviral therapy; CNR2 genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction analysis. Results: Patients with the CB2-63 QQ variant had higher serum levels of aminotransferase than those with the CB2-63 QR or RR variants; they also had higher histologic activity index (HAI) scores (8.6 ± 3.8) than patients without the CB2-63 RR variant (5.3 ± 3.6; P < .005) or those with the CB2-63 QR variant (5.8 ± 3.3; P < .001). Patients with the different variants of CNR2 did not differ in fibrosis stage or steatosis score. Moderate or severe chronic hepatitis (HAI score, >8) was identified more frequently (55.5%) in patients with the CB2-63 QQ variant than in those with the 63 QR (20%; P < .005) or RR variants (17.4%; P < .005). In logistic regression analysis, the CB2-63 QQ variant and fibrosis score were independent predictors of moderate or severe chronic hepatitis (HAI score, >8; P < .0001). Conclusions: The CB2-63 QQ variant of CNR2 is associated with more severe inflammation and hepatocellular necrosis in patients with HCV infection. © 2014 AGA Institute.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/462507
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